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THE 


" library 

NEW  YORK 
BOTANICAL 

\ CARDVi'i 


FLORAL  MAGAZINE 

COMPRISING 

JfigitKS  rntb  gumptions 

OF 

POPULAR  GARDEN  FLOWERS. 


BY  THE 

RET.  H.  H0NYW00D  DOIBRAIN,  A.B. 


THE  DEAWINGS  BY  WOETHINGTON  G.  SMITH,  F.L.S. 


VOL.  IX. 


LONDON : 

L.  REEYE  & CO.,  5,  HENRIETTA  STREET,  COVENT  GARDEN. 

1870. 


SAVTLL, 


U>39 

/m 


LONDON  : 

EDWARDS  AND  CO.,  PRINTERS,  CHANDOS  STREET,  COVENT  GARDEN. 


INDEX. 


Plate 

Abutilon  Megapotamicum  Marmoratum 487 

Achimenes : Admiration  and  Masterpiece 505 

Alyssum  Alpestre 491 

Auriculas,  Alpine  : Selina,  Black  Prince,  and  Monarch 489 

Azalea:  Marie  Henriette 498 

Bertolonia  Primulseflora  471,  472 

Cattleya  Quinquecolor 511 

Chrysanthemums : Globosa  and  Beauty  of  Stoke . . 470 

Chrysanthemums,  Japanese  : Sol  and  Sultan 474 

Cinerarias  : Princess  Teck,  Orb  of  Day,  Chancellor 493 

Clematis : Miss  Bateman,  Mrs.  Lister,  Lord  Napier,  and  Lady  Londes- 

borough 495,  496 

Cyclamen  Persicum  Giganteum 488 

Cypripedium  Dominianum 499 

Dahlia : Fanny  Gair 467 

Delphinium  Nudicaule 512 

Dendrobium  Schroederii  . 502 

Epacris  Hyacinthiflora  Carminata 486 

Fuchsias:  Clarissa  and  Champion 468 

Gaillardia  Picta,  var.  Splendida 480 

Gladiolus : Orphee  and  Horace 507,  508 

Hippeastrum  Leopoldi 475,  476 

Hyacinth  : Lord  Melville 482 

Iberis  Gibraltarica 500 

Lilium  Thunbergianum  Bicolor 504 

Lilium  Tigrinum  Splendens  and  Lilium  Litchlinii 509,  510 

Masdevallia  Veitchii 481 

Miltonia  Regnelli  Purpurea 490 

Oncidium  Kramerianum  465 


IV 


INDEX. 


PLATE 

Oncidium  Varicosum,  var.  Rogersii 477 

Oncidium  Crispum  Grandiflorum 485 

Pelargonium,  Bicolor,  W.  R.  Morris 466 

Pelargonium,  Nosegay : Stanstead  Rival 473 

Pelargoniums  : Charlemagne  and  Holkar 501 

Penstemons : Agnes  Laing  and  Stanstead  Surprise 469 

Picotee,  Tree : Prince  of  Orange 484 

Psycliotria  Cyanococca 479 

Rose,  Hybrid  perpetual : Marquise  de  Mortmarte 483 

Rose,  Hybrid  perpetual : Louis  Van  Iloutte 497 

Rose,  Hybrid  perpetual:  Mdlle.  Eugenie  Verdier 503 

Rose,  Tea  : Madame  Ducher 494 

Tropamlum : Minnie  Warren 506 

Verbenas:  Kate  Lawden,  Rising  Sun,  and  Rev.  J.  Dix 478 

Viola  Cornuta : Perfection 492 


Worthington  G.  Smith.dd  et  lith 


Vincent  Spooks  .Day  &Son,Imp 


Plate  465. 


ONCIDIUM  KRAMERIANUM. 


The  imitative  forms  of  many  plants  and  insects  are  well 
known,  and  are  in  no  tribe  of  plants  more  remarkable  than  in 
the  orcliidacese.  Even  amongst  our  native  orchids  this  is  seen,  and 
the  bee  and  fly  orchis  are  known  to  those  lovers  of  wild  flowers 
who  ramble  over  our  chalky  downs  ; the  beautiful  Peristeria  or 
dove  plant  is  another  example  of  this,  but  perhaps  in  none  is 
it  more  remarkable  than  in  the  species  Oncidium  Papilio  and 
Papilio  Major.  Few  persons  for  the  first  time  admitted  into  an 
orchid  house  where  these  are  in  bloom,  and  ignorant  of  their 
existence,  but  would  be  ready  to  exclaim,  “ What  a fine  butter- 
fly !”  Flowering  at  the  end  of  a slender  stem  four  or  five  feet  long, 
and  fluttering  in  the  draught  of  the  opened  door,  it  is  so  very 
like  the  insect  from  which  it  derives  its  name,  that  a person 
might  well  be  pardoned  for  the  mistake. 

Oncidium  Kramerianum,  one  of  the  many  introductions  of  Mr. 
William  Bull,  is  a species  differing  considerably  from  the  older 
species,  and  coming  from  a different  locality,  viz.,  New  Granada, 
while  Oncidium  Papilio  is,  we  believe,  exclusively  confined  to 
the  West  Indies ; the  main  difference  being  in  the  fringe  that 
surrounds  all  parts  of  the  flower,  especially  the  lower  lip,  and 
the  colours  being  much  brighter.  In  cultivation  the  same 
treatment  will  be  successful  as  that  adopted  for  0.  Papilio. 

All  lovers  of  orchids  would  do  well  to  visit  Mr.  Bull’s  esta- 
blishment, as  he  has  recently  erected  what  may  well  be  described 


as  a model  orchid  house,  where  all  the  latest  suggestions  as  to 
the  successful  cultivation  of  this  lovely  and  varied  tribe  of 
plants  may  he  seen  carried  out ; and  at  the  present  time,  when 
flowers  are  so  scarce,  there  may  he  seen  many  of  the  most 
beautiful  of  the  family  in  flower,  affording  another  proof  of  the 
enterprise  and  skill  which  preside  over  this  establishment. 


Worthington  G.  Smith, del  et  lith 


VmcentBrooks  ,Day&  Son , Imp 


Plate  466. 


BICOLOP  PELARGONIUM— W.  R.  MORRIS. 


When  we  some  time  since  stated  that  the  bicolor  pelargoniums 
were  likely  to  he  more  effective  than  the  tricolors,  many  were 
incredulous  as  to  the  statement ; but  another  season’s  experience 
has  quite  confirmed  the  opinion  we  then  gave,  while  the  great 
improvement  that  has  taken  place  in  the  colouring  of  the  leaves 
of  the  newer  varieties  will  still  further  enhance  their  value  as 
bedding  plants. 

The  gentleman  after  whom  the  variety  now  figured  is  named 
has  been  the  great  pioneer  in  the  advance  made : he  was  the 
raiser  of  Egyptian  Queen,  Southern  Belle,  Sybil,  &c. ; and  if  these 
have  been  surpassed,  as  they  undoubtedly  have  been,  by  such 
varieties  as  Crown  Prince,  Bed  Ping,  Cleopatra,  and  the  one  now 
figured,  to  him  must  be  given  the  merit  of  having  hit  upon  a 
strain  which  has  produced  such  results. 

We  have  also  seen  during  the  past  season,  and  indeed  grow  in 
our  own  garden,  some  varieties  raised  in  the  West  of  England 
by  Mr.  Sampson,  of  Houndstone  and  Yeovil  Nurseries,  which  are 
undoubtedly  very  fine  in  character ; Beauty  of  Houndstone  and 
Duke  of  Edinburgh  being  especially  so.  The  most  successful 
raisers  and  exhibitors  in  this  class  have,  however,  undoubtedly 
been  Messrs.  Downie,  Laird,  and  Laing,  to  whom  we  are  in- 
debted for  the  opportunity  of  figuring  W.  P.  Morris;  at  the 
great  special  show  for  Pelargoniums  they  took  the  first  prize  for 
the  best  six,  and  second  and  third  for  single  varieties,  these 
plants  being  the  admiration  of  all  who  saw  them. 


W.  B.  Morris  has  the  leaf  ground  of  bright  golden  yellow 
with  a well-defined  red  bronze  zone,  foliage  smooth  and  of  great 
substance,  shape  nearly  approaching  perfection,  and  for  exhi- 
bition purposes  it  is  unequalled.  It  was  awarded  the  first  prize 
(open  to  all  England)  at  the  special  show  held  at  Kensington  in 
May  last,  and  has  obtained  several  first-class  certificates. 


467 


Plate  467. 


DAHLIA— FANNY  GAIR. 


In  according  a place  to  the  Dahlia  in  the  first  part  of  a new 
volume,  we  are  giving  expression  to  our  belief  that  it  is  still 
one  of  the  noblest  and  grandest  of  our  autumnal  flowers,  and 
deserving  of  far  more  extended  favour  than  it  at  present  enjoys ; 
but  when  every  part  of  the  garden  is  filled  up  with  bedding 
plants,  no  place  is  found  for  it ; and  yet  at  a time  of  the  year 
when  Calceolarias  are  things  of  the  past,  when  Geraniums  are 
all  leaves,  and  Verbenas  completely  draggled,  the  Dahlia  stands 
forth  full  of  beautiful  and  varied  colours,  not  so  elegant  as  the 
Gladiolus,  but  more  enduring.  We  conceive  that  no  garden 
ought  to  be  without  them. 

It  is  much  to  be  regretted  that  the  discontinuance  of  the 
Crystal  Palace  autumnal  show  has  deprived  the  lovers  of 
autumnal  flowers  of  almost  the  only  opportunity  of  seeing  them 
in  or  about  London,  and  we  fear  that  it  will  still  further  tend 
to  the  depreciation  of  the  flower ; for,  strange  as  it  may  appear, 
it  is  nevertheless  true,  that  no  sooner  does  a flower  cease  to 
come  before  the  public,  than  it  ceases  to  enjoy  its  popularity. 

Mr.  Charles  Turner,  of  Slough,  and  Mr.  John  Keynes,  of 
Salisbury,  are  still  the  two  chief  purveyors  of  new  varieties,  and 
to  the  former  of  these  gentlemen  we  are  indebted  for  the  flower 
from  which  our  drawing  was  taken.  Fanny  Gair  is  one  of  those 
beautiful  tipped  varieties  of  which  Mr.  Turner  has  already  given 
us  some  fine  examples ; the  ground  colour  is  pure  white,  and 


the  tip  of  each  petal  heavily  margined  with  bright  violet  purple, 
the  form  of  the  flowers  is  perfect  and  the  centre  remarkably 
well  filled  ; it  will  he  unquestionably  one  of  the  leading  flowers 
of  the  year. 


"Worthington.  G Smith,  del  . et  lith 


468  • 

| 


i 

Vincent  Brooks  .Day  &Scm , Imp 


Plate  468. 


FUCHSIAS— CLARISSA  AND  CHAMPION. 


That  the  Fuchsia  has  to  some  extent  shared  in  the  neglect 
with  which  florists’  flowers  have  of  late  years  been  treated,  is  a 
fact  which  many  of  us  deplore ; for  in  the  summer  and  autumn 
months  there  is  no  plant  which  tends  more  to  the  adornment 
of  the  conservatory  and  greenhouse,  its  profuseness  of  bloom 
and  its  length  of  endurance  making  it  peculiarly  desirable  for 
such  purposes;  and  the  many  beautiful  varieties  which  have 
been  introduced  of  late  years  make  a charming  variety. 
Amongst  those  who  have,  notwithstanding  its  general  neglect, 
encouraged  the  raising  of  new  varieties  is  Mr.  W.  Bull,  of 
King’s-road,  Chelsea.  In  addition  to  those  now  figured,  we 
find  that  a large  number  of  new  and  valuable  sorts  are  to 
be  sent  out  by  him  in  the  ensuing  spring. 

The  cultivation  of  the  Fuchsia  is  too  well  understood  to 
require  any  detailed  directions ; those  who  have  the  space  for 
it  will  do  well  to  grow  both  old  and  young  plants,  the  former 
producing  an  immense  quantity  of  bloom  for  cut  flowers,  the 
latter  forming  the  neatest  plants  for  decorative  purposes ; it 
only  needs  to  he  borne  in  mind  that  the  Fuchsia  rejoices  in  a 
light  rich  soil  and  in  frequent  syringings  during  its  period  of 
growth,  in  order  to  keep  down  the  attacks  of  red  spider,  to 
which  it  is  very  subject. 

Clarissa  (fig.  1)  has  the  sepals  of  pure  white,  with  a slight 


greenish  tip  to  each.  The  corolla  is  very  peculiar,  being  of  a 
pretty  light  purplish-pink,  white  in  the  centre  of  each  division, 
and  margined  with  crimson  lake.  Champion  (fig.  2)  has  the 
sepals  of  bright  scarlet,  and  the  corolla,  which  is  very  large, 
brilliant-shaded  plum,  giving  the  plant  a very  grand  appearance. 


469 


Plate  469. 


PENSTEMONS— AGNES  LAING  AND 
STANSTEAD  SURPRISE. 


Hardy  herbaceous  plants  are  receiving  more  attention 
than  they  have  done  for  years ; amongst  other  indications  of 
this  we  may  mention  the  fact  that  at  the  Great  Provincial 
Show  of  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society,  to  be  held  at  Oxford, 
prizes  are  offered  for  Penstemons,  Antirrhinums,  Phloxes,  &c.,  in 
pots.  Whether  this  is  quite  judicious  may  be  questioned,  but 
it  shows  at  any  rate  that  attention  is  being  drawn  to  them. 

We  have  figured  in  previous  volumes  some  groups  of  the 
useful  and  long-flowering  Penstemons,  of  which  Messrs.  Hownie, 
Laird,  and  Laing  have  been  the  principal  cultivators  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  London  ; and  we  have  now  in  those  figured 
in  our  plate  an  advance,  as  may  be  seen  in  referring  to  our 
former  figures,  both  in  the  habit  and  colour  of  the  flowers : in 
the  habit,  because  they  are  more  compact  in  their  spikes  of 
bloom,  the  individual  flowers  not  being  so  far  from  each  other 
as  in  those  which  we  have  formerly  figured ; and  in  the  colour, 
because  the  ground  is  so  much  purer.  In  fact  they  are  quite 
equal  to  the  best  of  the  continental  varieties,  and  are  in  consti- 
tution probably  superior. 

Agnes  Laing  (fig.  1)  is  a flower  of  a peculiarly  bright  and 
pleasing  shade  of  rose ; the  contour  of  the  flower  is  excellent, 
and  the  white  exceedingly  pure.  Stanstead  Surprise  (fig.  2)  is 
of  a pleasing  shade  of  lively  purple  and  with  a pure  white 


ground  and  throat.  On  a visit  paid  to  the  nursery  of  Messrs. 
Downie,  Laird,  and  Laing,  at  Stanstead  Park,  some  time  since, 
we  saw  a large  quantity  of  seedlings  of  this  pretty  herbaceous 
plant,  and  we  have  no  doubt  that  we  have  not  yet  reached  the 
perfection  which  they  will  attain ; and  amongst  those  to  whom 
we  look  for  still  further  improvement,  is  the  eminent  firm  to 
whose  courtesy  we  are  indebted  for  the  opportunity  of  figuring 
those  in  our  present  plate. 


t 


470. 


Vincent  Crocks,  Day &Scsn,  Imp. 


Worthington  G.SimtVi,  del. a,  hth. 


I.Reeve  &Co.  5,  Henrietta  St.  Covent  Garden . 


Plate  470. 


CHRYSANTHEMUMS— GLOBOSA  AND 
BEAUTY  OF  STOKE. 


Probably  there  has  not  been  any  season  of  late  years  so 
favourable  to  the  flowering  of  the  Chrysanthemum  as  the  one 
that  has  just  'closed ; those  in  the  open  ground  and  in  pots  were 
equally  good,  and  probably  a fresh  stimulus  will  be  given  to 
their  growth  by  the  success  of  this  season. 

Mr.  John  Salter,  of  the  Versailles  Nursery,  Hammersmith, 
has  again  brought  forward  a considerable  number  of  valuable 
varieties,  but  the  great  run  has  been  upon  the  Japanese  section, 
so  remarkable  for  the  size  and  curious  appearance  of  their 
flowers,  some  of  which  we  hope  to  figure  next  month.  Of  the 
Chinese  section  he  has  ten  new  varieties,  while  pompones  seem 
quite  to  have  been  neglected  by  the  raisers  of  new  kinds ; they 
are  as  follows : Duke  of  Edinburgh  (Ball),  a large  incurved 

flower,  rosy  lilac,  with  light  centre.  Marginata  (Salter),  large 
anemone  flower,  lilac  blush,  edged  with  rose  and  rose  centre. 
Miss  Hope  (Pethers),  delicate  lilac,  shading  off  to  white  in  the 
centre,  finely  incurved.  Mrs.  Wreford  Major  (Salter),  dark 
rose,  very  close  and  compact,  fine  flower.  Meyerbeer  (Downton), 
rose-purple  and  light  back,  finely  incurved.  Norma  (Lord 
Elliott),  ivory  white,  short,  stiff  petal ; very  dwarf  habit  and 
fine.  Ondine  (Salter),  cream  tipped,  rosy  lilac,  fine  incurved 
flower.  Princess  Louise  (Teesdale)  anemone  flowered,  delicate 
rosy  blush,  fine  high  centre, — and  those  figured  in  our  plate. 


Globosa  (fig.  1),  a fine  flower,  raised  by  Mr.  Downton,  of  a very 
dark  Indian  red,  dwarf  in  habit ; the  flower  is  of  peculiarly 
globular  form,  somewhat  the  shape  of  that  well-known  variety 
Little  Harry,  and  altogether  a great  acquisition.  Beauty  of 
Stoke  (fig.  2),  raised  by  Mr.  Eundle,  is  a large  orange-yellow 
flower,  finely  incurved  and  well  up  in  the  centre.  Mr.  Salter 
is  about  to  leave  the  premises  he  has  made  so  famous,  as  the 
all-absorbing  railway  has  taken  the  place.  Where  he  will  be 
situated  he  does  not  yet  know. 


4/1*472, 


Yorthington  0 Smith  ddet  lith 


L Reeve  & CoS  Henriem  St  Covent  Garden 


Vincent  Brooks .Day&Son.  Imp 


Plates  471,  472. 


BERTALONIA  PRIMUL^FLORA. 


When  we  were  in  the  autumn  of  1868  visiting  the  well- 
known  establishment  of  Mons.  Linden,  at  the  Jardin  Zoolo- 
gique  at  Brussels,  we  were  struck,  amongst  other  things,  by 
the  brilliant  appearance  of  a new 'Bertalonia,  and  we  were  glad 
to  hear  some  time  afterwards  that  it  had  passed  into  the  hands 
of  Mr.  W.  Bull  of  Chelsea,  in  whose  establishment  for  new  and 
rare  plants  it  has  been  flowering  during  the  past  autumn. 

The  species  of  this  comparatively  new  genus,  which  have 
been  of  late  years  introduced,  have  been  remarkable  for  the 
character  of  their  foliage.  Bertalonia  guttata , and  more  espe- 
cially B.  margaritacea,  with  its  pearl-like  spots  on  the  surface 
of  its  velvety  leaves,  are  attractive  plants  ; but  the  plant  we 
have  now  figured,  while  possessing  much  the  same  character 
of  foliage,  is  still  more  attractive,  owing  to  the  beauty  and  pro- 
fusion of  its  flowers.  The  leaves  of  the  plant  are  of  a beautiful 
dark  green,  and  underneath  reddish  purple,  very  velvety  in 
their  texture,  and  with  some  very  minute  spots  towards  the 
base.  They  spread  out  from  the  centre,  and  form  a neat  habited 
dwarf  plant.  From  its  centre  arise  clusters  of  flowers  of  a clear 
soft  rose  colour,  rising  well  above  the  foliage,  and  produced  in 
great  profusion. 

The  ordinary  stove  treatment  is  that  which  is  needful  for 
this  plant.  It  is  by  no  means  of  difficult  cultivation  where 
there  are  the  usual  facilities  a stove  affords ; and  as  it  seems  to 


bloom  in  tlie  autumn  it  will  be  the  more  valuable,  when  flowers 
are  comparatively  scarce. 

It  was  introduced  by  M.  Linden  from  the  State  of  Ecuador  ; 
and  we  find,  amongst  other  notices,  the  following  from  our 
contemporary  the  Gardener  s Chronicle , in  a description  of  Mr. 
Bull’s  establishment: — “The  plant  is  a neat,  compact  grower, 
and  produces  its  clear,  soft  rose-coloured  flowers  in  great 
profusion.  It  is  a fine  introduction  to  our  stoves  from 
Ecuador.” 


Vinoent  Brooks  D av&Son  Imp 


Worthington  G. Smith  del.ei 


L Reeve  feCo.SHeindetta  St.  Covent  Garden 


Plate  473. 


NOSEGAY  PELARGONIUM— STANSTEAD 

RIVAL. 


Any  doubts  that  may  have  existed  with  regard  to  the  value 
and  beauty  of  Nosegay  Pelargoniums,  are  now  fast  disappearing 
under  the  influence  of  the  new  and  remarkable  flowers  that  the 
last  few  years  have  produced.  Size  of  truss,  a better  form  of 
flower,  and  increased  depth  of  colour,  all  combine  to  add  beauty 
to  the  blooms,  while  all  this  has  been  obtained  without  any 
sacrifice  of  constitution, — many  of  the  newer  varieties  equalling, 
if  not  excelling,  in  this  respect,  the  older  sorts, — while  for  bed- 
ding purposes  they  are,  from  their  profuseness  of  bloom  com- 
bined with  their  other  good  qualities,  very  great  favourites. 

Messrs.  Downie,  Laird,  and  Lang,  of  Stanstead  Park  and 
Edinburgh,  have  been  the  most  successful  growers  and  exhi- 
bitors, and  we  have  again  taken  one  of  their  flowers  as  showing 
the  advance  that  has  been  made.  We  last  year  figured  Robert 
Rowley,  a flower  which  has  since  justified  all  that  has  been  said 
in  its  praise ; and  we  are  inclined  to  think  that  Stanstead  Rival 
will,  in  a different  shade  of  colour,  be  equally  valued.  It  will 
be  seen  that  it  is  of  a very  deep  shade  of  crimson,  and  there  is  a 
violet  purple  hue  shot  over  it,  which  it  is  impossible  for  an  artist 
to  give ; the  truss  is  of  immense  size,  and  the  plant  is  a very 
abundant  bloomer. 

Although  the  chief  value  of  the  Nosegay  Geranium  is  as  a 
bedder,  yet  it  is  also  very  effective  as  a pot  plant ; we  have  seen 
fine  plants  grown  from  cuttings,  but  as  a rule  older  plants  will 


make  better  specimens.  They  should  be  shaken  out  of  the 
mould  early  in  spring,  cut  back,  and  then  started  into  growth ; 
it  will  not  do  to  pot  them  in  too  rich  soil,  as  this  induces  an  over- 
luxuriant  growth,  and  for  the  same  reason  we  prefer  to  under- 
pot  them.  They  should  be  kept  near  the  glass  so  as  not  to  be 
drawn  up,  and  in  an  equable  temperature,  where  they  will  not 
be  exposed  to  draughts.  This  fine  flower,  with  others  of  the 
same  class,  will  be  distributed  in  the  spring. 


474 


L Reeve  k Co. S.Hennetta  Sx  Covent  Garden 


Plate  474. 


JAPANESE  CHRYSANTHEMUMS— SOL  AND 

SULTAN. 


Opinions  are  still  very  much  divided  as  to  the  value  of  this 
class  of  flowers.  “ How  can  you  possibly  see  anything  to  admire 
in  such  loose,  ragged  flowers  ?”  is  frequently  the  question  we 
are  asked  ; while,  on  the  other  hand,  there  are  many  who  will 
with  ourselves  appreciate  them  for  their  show}'-  character,  and 
also  for  their  coming  into  bloom  and  continuing  in  bloom 
later  than  the  ordinary  chrysanthemums.  We  have  had  them 
this  year,  without  taking  any  particular  care  of  them,  in  bloom 
until  the  beginning  of  February,  and  in  places  where  there  are 
more  appliances  we  doubt  not  they  could  be  had  in  bloom  until 
the  end  of  that  month  or  the  beginning  of  March. 

Having  had  the  opportunity  of  blooming  the  best  of  the 
varieties  sent  out  by  Messrs.  Salter  and  Son  last  autumn,  we 
are  enabled  to  decide  as  to  their  character,  and  we  have  found 
the  following  in  our  opinion  to  be  the  best.  Dr.  Masters:  a most 
distinct  and  showy  flower ; it  changes  considerably  from  the 
period  of  its  opening,  the  centre  being  then  yellow,  but  after- 
wards becoming  red,  and  the  petals,  which  are  at  first  red,  being 
then  tipped  with  yellow.  James  Salter : a flower  of  immense 
size,  of  a clear  lilac  or  mauve  colour ; the  petals  being  twisted 
about  in  a most  extraordinary  manner.  As  a plant  for  deco- 
rating a conservatory,  it  has  no  equal  in  its  class.  The  indi- 
vidual flowers  remain  a long  time  in  bloom.  Hero  of  Mag dala  : 
a very  remarkable  flower,  the  petals  red,  and  orange  buff  on  the 


reverse,  and  from  the  manner  in  which  the  petals  twist  about 
the  flowers  have  the  appearance  of  being  two-coloured.  Regalia : 
orange  striped,  red,  very  showy  ; the  petals  have  a tendency 
to  incurve. 

Of  the  flowers  now  figured,  Sol  (fig.  1),  the  upper  figure  in  the 
plate,  is  a bright  golden  yellow  with  tolerably  broad  petals, 
the  petals  having  an  upward  tendency.  Sultan  (fig.  2)  is  a 
curiously  twisted  flower  of  a light  lilac  colour,  the  reverse  of 
petals  being  darker,  and  thus  giving  a shading  to  the  flower. 
They  are  from  the  unrivalled  collection  of  Messrs.  Salter  and 
Son. 


475  et  476 


Worthington  G Smith, F.L  S del  et  lilh. 


L Reeve  & Co  5 HenmUA  Sr.  Covent  Garden 


Vmi'int  BrooksDay&Svn  Imp 


Plates  475,  476. 


HIPPEASTRUM  LEOPOLD! 


It  will  not  have  been  forgotten  that  some  two  or  three  years 
ago,  a new  Hippeastrum  was  exhibited  by  the  Messrs.  Yeitch,  of 
Chelsea,  which  excited  a good  deal  of  admiration — we  mean 
Hippeastrum  pardinum,  which  we  figured  in  our  sixth  volume, 
plate  344.  It  was  one  of  the  introductions  of  the  late  Mr.  Pearce, 
collector  of  Messrs.  Veitch  & Son,  of  Chelsea,  whose  premature 
death,  as  he  was  on  the  way  to  South  America,  in  the  employ- 
ment of  Mr.  W.  Bull,  was  so  much  lamented  by  the  horticultural 
world.  We  have  now  the  pleasure  of  figuring  another  of  his 
introductions,  excelling  the  former  one  in  size  and  equally  re- 
markable for  its  colouring. 

Hippeastrum  Leopoldi  was  obtained  from  the  same  habitat, 
Peru,  by  Mr.  B.  Pearce,  and  he  always  considered  it  a most 
valuable  species.  It  did  not  flower  until  the  present  year,  when 
it  fully  confirmed  all  that  he  had  said  of  it ; and  when,  on 
the  occasion  of  the  visit  of  his  Majesty  the  King  of  the 
Belgians  to  London  last  autumn,  an  exhibition  was  rapidly  got 
together  at  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society’s  Gardens  in  his 
honour,  the  Messrs.  Yeitch  exhibited  it,  and  requested  that 
it  might  be  named  Leopoldi,  a permission  which  was  at  once 
courteously  granted. 

It  were  needless  work,  so  accurate  is  the  drawing  which  our 
artist  has  made,  to  give  any  lengthened  description  of  this  striking 
flower  ; the  ground  colour  it  will  be  seen  is  a creamy  white,  the 
colour  of  the  large  blotches  in  each  petal  are  purplish  rose,  being 


irregularly  spotted  towards  the  extremity  of  the  blotch,  which 
covers  about  two-thirds  of  the  petal.  It  will  afford  a striking 
contrast  to  some  of  the  more  deeply  coloured  varieties  both  of 
this  genus  and  Amaryllis. 

Like  its  ally,  Ilippeastrum  pardinum,  the  plant  will  require  a 
warm  house,  and  will  grow  readily  in  a mixture  of  peat,  sandy 
loam,  and  leaf  mould  with  sand ; but  we  fear  it  will  be  some 
time  before  the  public  in  general  will  have  an  opportunity  of 
growing  it,  for  it  must  necessarily  for  a long  time  be  a scarce 
plant. 


Plate  477. 


ONCIDIUM  VARICOSUM,  VAR.  ROGERS!  I. 


Some  very  fine  species  of  yellow  flowering  Oncidiums  have 
lately  been  shown  at  the  London  Exhibitions,  and  not  only  for 
their  intrinsic  beauty,  but  also  for  their  season  of  flowering,  have 
deservedly  attracted  the  attention  of  that  increasing  number 
of  horticulturists  whose  means  enable  them  to  gratify  a 
taste  for  growing  this  most  varied,  singular,  and  beautiful  tribe 
of  plants.  Amongst  these  recent  introductions  we  may  safely 
note  as  one  of  the  most  desirable  that  which  we  now  figure. 

“ This  Oncidium  was  first  exhibited  in  London,”  says  Mons. 
H.  C.  Reichenbach  fils,  the  most  eminent  authority  on  the 
subject,  “ in  November  or  December,  1808,  under  the  name  of 
Oncidium  Rogersii.  The  flowers  are  quite  as  splendid  as  those  of 
Oncidium  'pectinate  and  Oncidium  Marshallianum.  The  habit,  we 
are  informed,  is  similar  to  that  of  the  old  Oncidium  bifolium, 
and  the  number  of  flowers  produced  on  a single  panicle  in  a well 
grown  example  not  less  than  170!  There  can  be  no  doubt 
that  it  is  one  of  the  best  of  recently  introduced  orchids,  and  all 
the  more  valuable  for  its  flowering  season.  It  has  recently 
bloomed  in  a high  state  of  perfection  with  Messrs.  Veitch.” 

We  have  ourselves  seen  the  beautiful  plant  of  Messrs.  Veitch, 
from  which  the  drawing  was  taken  by  our  artist,  and  it  would 
be  of  course  utterly  impossible  to  give  a correct  notion  of  its 
extreme  beauty,  when  so  small  a portion  of  it  can  be  placed  on 


our  plate.  But  he  lias  most  faithfully  rendered  it,  and  it  will  be 
seen  that  the  deep  clear  yellow  of  its  flowers  fully  justifies  all 
that  Mons.  Beichenbach  has  said  of  it.  Its  cultivation  differs 
in  no  respect  from  that  of  its  congeners. 


478 


Plate  478. 


VERBENAS— KATE  LAWDEN,  RISING  SUN, 
AND  REV.  J.  DIX. 


As  a bedding  plant  the  Verbena  has  during  the  last  two 
seasons  fallen  into  disfavour.  The  great  heat  of  the  atmosphere 
and  dryness  of  the  soil  have  been  fatal  to  it,  while  in  many  cases 
a disease,  as  mysterious  in  its  origin  and  as  incurable  as  the 
potato  disease,  has  largely  affected  it.  One  of  the  largest 
growers  of  Verbenas  that  we  are  acquainted  with  has  attempted 
to  battle  with  it  for  some  years,  but  has  failed.  His  plants 
when  put  out  are  all  that  can  be  wished,  but  afterwards  go  off 
in  a manner  which  is  very  trying  to  one  who  has  taken  great 
pains  to  have  his  beds  in  good  order. 

But  as  a pot  plant  the  Verbena  is  gaining  favour,  and  no  one 
whohas  inspected  the  splendid  flowers  exhibited  by  Mr.  C.  J.  Perry 
can  fail  to  see  how  admirably  they  are  adapted  for  the  purpose, 
and  we  therefore  select  from  his  new  batch  of  seedlings  three 
for  our  present  plate.  Kate  Laioden  (fig.  1)  is  a beautifully  pure 
white  flower,  with  pale-pink  ring  and  a small  yellow  eye.  Rising 
Sun  (fig.  2)  is  a glowing  orange  red,  with  a small  white  eye  and 
deep  maroon  ring.  Rev.  Joshua  Dix  (fig.  3)  is  a blush-coloured 
flower,  with  deep  rose  centre,  large  well-shaped  pip,  good  truss, 
and  in  every  respect  first-rate.  Besides  these,  the  following 
seedlings  of  Mr.  Perry  will  be  sent  out  by  Mr.  Charles  Turner, 
of  Slough,  during  the  present  month  : — Ada  King,  white,  with 
pink  zone ; Rutterjlg,  flesh-coloured,  with  crimson  ring;  Edwin 
Ray,  scarlet,  pale  eye  ; Joseph  Sanders , deep  red,  with  lemon  eye  ; 


Mrs.  Bay,  pure  white,  with  pale  ring  and  yellow  eye ; Rev.  JP. 
M.  Smythe,  crimson  violet  self ; Rev.  S.  Reynolds  Hole,  pale 
mauve,  slightly  shaded  with  purple ; Rickard  H.  Verteyans,  deep 
shaded  plum  ; Thomas  Hyatt , clear  red,  shaded  in  the  centre, 
pale  eye ; and  Thomas  Lawden,  rosy  pink,  with  crimson  eye. 
Many  of  these  have  obtained  certificates,  and  will,  we  believe, 
maintain  Mr.  Perry’s  character  as  a raiser  of  Verbenas. 


Worthington  G.Smith  dei.etlitn.  Vincent  3roohs  D ay&Son  Imp 


L Reeve  &Cc  ^.Henrietta  St  Covent  Garden 


Plate  479. 


PSYCHOTRIA  CYANOCOCCA. 


The  desire  after  novelties  in  all  classes  of  the  vegetable 
kingdom  has  led  to  the  introduction  of  plants  remarkable  for 
various  characters,  some  for  the  gorgeousness  or  singularity  of 
their  flowers,  some  for  the  size  or  variegation  of  their  leaves,  and 
others  for  the  brilliant  colouring  of  their  fruits.  Solanums  are 
largely  used  for  the  decoration  of  houses.  The  Aucuba  comes  into 
use  largely  for  the  same  purpose,  and  the  plant  which  we  now 
figure  will  we  doubt  not  be  found  an  acceptable  addition  to  those 
previously  in  cultivation,  from  the  eminently  beautiful  colour  of 
its  berries. 

We  are  indebted  to  Mr.  William  Bull,  of  Chelsea,  for  the 
opportunity  of  figuring  this  plant.  It  was  sent  to  him  from 
Chontales  in  Nicaragua,  by  Dr.  Seeman,  the  distinguished 
botanist,  who  in  writing  of  it  says,  after  alluding  to  the  fact 
that  many  hunters  after  novelties  have  hitherto  considered 
the  Psychotria  unworthy  of  attention  : “ If  one  could  but  dig  up 
one  of  the  numerous  bushy  specimens  crowded  with  fruit  by 
which  I am  here  surrounded,  and  send  it  to  one  of  the  horticul- 
tural shows,  I have  no  doubt  what  the  Floral  Committee  would 
be  forced  to  do ; remember  also  that  they  fruit  in  the  depth  of 
winter,  when  colour  is  highly  acceptable,  and  you  will  have  no 
reason  to  grudge  it  a place  in  your  collection.” 

Neither  the  foliage  nor  flower  of  this  Psycliotria  are  of  any  mo- 
ment, but  the  berries  are  of  the  most  intense  ultramarine  blue; 
they  are  produced  in  clusters  of  about  thirty-five  or  forty,  and 


are  very  abundant  on  the  plant.  It  is  an  easily  grown  stove 
plant,  requiring  no  particular  care,  and  flourishing  in  a mixture 
of  peat,  loam,  and  sand ; it  is  now  being  distributed  by  Mr. 
Bull,  and  will  find  its  way,  we  doubt  not,  into  many  collections 
of  rare  and  beautiful  plants. 


480 


G h^evefc  Go  dHeimetta.  St  Covent  Garden 


Worthington  G.  Smith  del.etlith. 


Vincent  Brooks.  D ay  & Son  Imp 


Plate  480. 


GAILLARDIA  PICT  A,  VAR.  SPLENDID  A. 


We  very  rarely  now  see  any  particular  attention  given  to  a 
class  of  plants  which  in  former  years  used  to  be  very  popular  ; 
we  mean  the  hardy  and  half-hardy  annuals.  Many  of  them 
were  no  doubt  evanescent  in  character ; but  there  were  large 
numbers  which  were  exceedingly  beautiful,  gave  great  density 
of  colour,  and  were  well  adapted  for  adding  to  the  beauty  of 
bouquets.  So  far  has  this  gone,  that  even  the  sweet-scented 
flowers,  with  which  most  persons  are  pleased,  the  mignionette 
and  the  sweet-pea  are  banished,  as  no  place  can  be  found  for 
them  in  the  system  of  bedding  out  which  now  so  universally 
prevails.  Asters,  stocks,  and  a few  others  are  cultivated,  but 
many  of  our  older  favourites  are  quite  passed  by. 

We  think  that  it  cannot  be  denied  that  this  wholesale  rejec- 
tion of  annuals  is  to  be  deplored,  and  we  cannot  but  hope  that 
some  day  they  may  be  again  restored  to  favour  ; we  therefore 
figure  a variety  of  the  old  Gaillardia  picta,  which  has  been 
introduced  by  Mr.  William  Bull.  We  believe  it  to  be  of  French 
origin,  and  although  only  an  annual,  we  are  sure  it  must  meet 
with  the  approval  of  those  who  love  beautiful  flowers.  It  will 
be  seen  that  while  bearing  a great  similarity  to  the  older  type, 
it  is  more  brilliant  in  colouring  and  larger  in  flower. 

Although  generally  treated  as  annuals,  yet  as  they  are  some- 
times inclined  to  sport  from  seed,  many  persons  treat  them  as 
herbaceous  plants  ; and  where  the  soil  is  damp  and  cold,  and 
therefore  some  risk  is  run  in  leaving  out  the  plants  in  winter, 


cuttings  may  be  taken  in  the  autumn,  and  put  into  a cold  pit, 
to  be  planted  out  in  the  following  spring,  when  the  soil  is 
warmer  and  the  selection  better.  They  may  be  divided  in  the 
spring,  or  cuttings  may  be  struck  under  a hand-glass  in  the 
summer ; for  this  purpose  one  of  Mr.  Rendle’s  circular  hand- 
glasses will  be  found  both  convenient  and  useful. 


481. 


Vincent  Brooks  .Day&Son.  Imp 


"Worthington  G Smith,?  L S.  del. et  lith 


L R,eeve  & Co.S.Hennetta  Sx  Govern  Garden 


Plate  48]. 


MASDEVALLIA  VEITCHII. 


This  most  singular  looking  orchid,  both  from  its  peculiarity 
of  form  and  its  brilliancy  of  colour,  has  attracted  a good  deal  of 
attention  during  the  past  year ; and  therefore,  although  it  has 
been  already  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine,  we  have 
thought  it  well  to  give  a figure  of  it;  in  fact,  when  it  first 
appeared,  two  years  ago,  a drawing  was  made  of  it  by  our  artist, 
but  owing  to  the  press  of  other  matters  was  left  on  one  side. 
A few  months  ago  the  plant  was  exhibited  in  so  much  better  con- 
dition than  on  any  previous  occasion  that  a figure  of  it  was  again 
made,  and,  as  in  the  case  of  other  plants,  notably  Antliurium 
Scher zerianum,  it  has  so  much  improved  under  cultivation  that  it 
will,  we  doubt  not,  be  a general  favourite  when  it  becomes 
more  common. 

We  are  informed  by  Mr.  H.  J.  Veitch  that  this  curious 
orchid  “ requires  a cool  orchid  house  for  its  successful  cultiva- 
tion, that  in  fact,  a moist,  shady  odontoglossum  house  would 
best  suit  it ; and  that  the  soil  most  adapted  for  it  is  a mix- 
ture of  sphagnum,  silver  sand,  and  pieces  of  pot  broken  small, 
or  charcoal.  When  growing  it  also  likes  a good  deal  of 
moisture.  Our  specimen  plant  bloomed  three  times  in  the  course 
of  last  year,  each  time  with  ten  or  eleven  blooms,  and  I took  it ' 
with  me  to  St.  Petersburg,  so  that  the  plant  is  not  a difficult 


We  may  add  that  it  attracted  a great  deal  of  attention  at  the 
International  Exhibition  at  St.  Petersburg,  as  it  has  done 
indeed  wherever  exhibited  at  home,  and  that  it  has  received 
first-class  certificates  from  the  Royal  Horticultural  and  Royal 
Botanical  Societies.  At  present  the  plant  is  scarce,  and  conse- 
quently high  in  price. 


Worthington  G.  Smith,!'  L S.del  et  lith 


L Reeve  &Co.5.Hetmei.taS'C.Covent  Garden. 


VmcentBroolrs.Day  &■  Son.lmp 


Plate  482. 


HYACINTH— LORD  MELVILLE. 


The  past  season  has  not  been  so  favourable  for  Hyacinths  as 
the  preceding  one,  and  although  the  bulbs  as  imported  from 
Holland  appeared  to  be,  as  usual,  sound  and  good,  yet  they  did 
not  produce  the  same  grand  blooms  as  in  the  preceding  year. 
It  was  fortunate  that  the  year  when  the  Dutch  growers  offered 
such  liberal  prizes  was  a good  one,  as  it  enabled  them  to  see 
what  success  attends  the  culture  of  the  bulb  in  England. 

While,  however,  we  say  this,  we  do  not  mean  to  intimate  that 
the  blooms  were  indifferent ; it  is  only  by  way  of  comparison 
we  note  it.  Those  exhibited  by  Messrs.  Cutbush  and  Son,  of 
Higligate,  maintained  the  supremacy  that  this  firm  has  obtained 
in  the  culture  of  the  Hyacinth.  For  a few  years  Mr.  W.  Paul 
tried  to  come  into  the  foremost  place,  but  his  complete  defeat 
last  year  was  the  signal  of  his  retirement  from  a hopeless  con- 
test, and  this  year  he  did  not  appear  as  a competitor  in  any  of 
the  classes,  and  no  other  grower  had  any  prospect  of  coming 
near  Mr.  Cutbush. 

The  classes  for  new  Hyacinths  did  not  produce  any  more  re- 
markable flower  than  that  which  we  have  figured,  differing 
very  much  as  it  does  both  in  the  form  of  the  flower  and  shape 
of  the  spike  from  many  others.  It  is  not  so  densely  crowded 
as  in  such  flowers  as  Lord  Palmerston  and  others  which  we 
have  figured  ; but  as  it  is  quite  new,  higher  cultivation  may 
perhaps  cause  the  flower  to  fill  up  more.  The  colour  is  of  an 
intense  deep  purplish  black,  with  a decided  black  stripe  down 


the  centre  of  each  petal ; the  individual  pips  are  large,  and 
altogether  the  flower  is  one  which,  notwithstanding  its  ex- 
ceptional character,  will  make  a fine  variety  in  the  home-stage 
and  the  exhibition  table.  It  was  exhibited  by  Messrs.  Cutbush 
and  Son,  to  whom  we  are  indebted  for  the  opportunity  of 
figuring  it. 


483. 


Vincent, BrochaDay  & Son,  imp 


Worthington  G.  Smith  F L S del  et.  lith 


L Reeve  &Co.5.Hennetta  St  Covent  Garden 


Plate  483. 


HYBRID  PERPETUAL  ROSE— MARQUISE  DE 

MORTMARTE. 


After  a lengthened  and  most  trying  winter,  we  are  at  length 
beginning  to  see  the  rose  again  coming  forward,  and  those  who, 
like  Mr.  George  Paul,  of  Cheshunt,  or  Mr.  Yeitch,  of  Chelsea, 
gladden  us  with  a sight  of  roses  in  pots,  are  deserving  of  our 
warmest  thanks.  We  have  not  as  yet  heard  what  has  been  the 
general  effect  of  the  season  on  the  out-of-door  roses,  but  judging 
from  our  own  garden  we  are  inclined  to  think  that,  especially  to 
those  on  the  Manetti,  it  has  not  been  so  injurious  as  we  might 
have  supposed ; it  has  doubtless  caused  a good  deal  of  diseased 
wood  to  make  its  appearance,  but  a vigorous  application  of  the 
knife  will  remedy  that,  and  it  does  not  seem  to  us  that  the 
frost  has  been  fatal  to  many. 

We  are  constantly  beset  with  inquiries  as  to  which  are  the 
best  roses  of  last  season,  and  our  invariable  reply  has  been  that 
we  must  wait  for  another  season  to  fairly  judge  of  those  which 
we  had  not  seen  abroad.  There  are  always  some  which  give 
promise  of  being  good,  and  if  they  continue  to  do  so  for  the 
second  season,  we  may  reasonably  hope  that  they  will  prove 
valuable  additions ; such  a rose  we  believe  Marquise  de  Mort- 
marte  to  be.  When  shown  last  year  it  was  set  down  as  one  of 
the  best  of  the  new  roses,  the  colour  was  a desirable  one,  and 
the  form  promised  well.  Mr.  C.  Turner  obtained  a first-class 
certificate  for  it.  Mr.  George  Paul,  of  Cheshunt,  has  this  year 
exhibited  a bloom  which  fully  bears  out  the  character  it  has 


already  acquired,  and  we  are  indebted  to  him  for  the  op- 
portunity of  figuring  it.  It  will  be  seen  that  it  is  a large, 
well-formed  rose,  of  a delicate  French  white  colour,  and  the 
centre  with  a peculiarly  beautiful  salmony  pink  tint ; it  is  a 
colour  much  required,  while  in  form  it  excels  those  of  any 
similar  colour. 


484. 


L Jleeve  8;  Co.5.Heametfca  St.Covent  Garden 


Worthington  & Simth.T.L  S.del  et  lith 


Vincent  Brooks. Day  AScnlnip 


Plate  484. 


TREE  PICOTEE— PRINCE  OF  ORANGE. 


The  decoration  of  the  greenhouse  or  conservatory  in  winter 
is  one  of  those  objects  which  form  the  especial  care  of  every 
good  gardener ; flowers  are  so  much  more  valuable  then  than 
in  summer,  that  everything  that  can  add  to  their  number  is 
gladly  welcomed.  Of  late  years  a most  valuable  addition  has 
been  made  in  the  Tree  Carnations  and  Picotees,  which,  for  their 
persistence  and  the  fragrance  of  their  blooms,  have  been  greatly 
valued.  They  are  being  improved  every  year,  and  in  the  variety 
now  figured  we  have  one  which,  in  form  and  beauty  of  marking, 
rivals  those  which  have  been  hitherto  recognised  as  Florists’ 
flowers. 

The  culture  of  the  Tree  Carnation  and  Picotee,  as  carried  on 
by  our  most  successful  growers,  may  be  stated  simply  to  be 
this  : — Cuttings  are  taken  off  the  plants  in  February  and  placed 
in  heat ; these  will  rapidly  take  root,  and,  as  soon  as  practicable, 
should  be  potted  off  singly  in  a compost  of  loam,  leaf  mould, 
and  some  well  rotted  manure  ; when  the  warm  weather  sets  in, 
say  about  the  beginning  of  May,  they  should  be  placed  out  of 
doors.  Some  persons  prefer  growing  them  on  in  pots,  while 
others  prefer  planting  them  out  in  the  open  ground ; a stake 
should  be  placed  to  each,  and  the  plants  as  they  grow  be  trained 
to  them,  for,  as  it  is  desirable  to  get  them  on  to  a single  stem, 
all  tendency  to  a bushy  growth  should  be  avoided.  As  the 
autumn  approaches,  the  plants  should  be  marked  round  with 


the  spade,  so  that  they  may  not  feel  the  “ lifting”  when  they 
are  taken  up.  This  should  be  done  at  the  end  of  August,  and, 
if  potted  into  pots  about  six  inches  across,  will  make  valuable 
blooming  plants  for  the  winter  months. 

Prince  of  Orange  was  raised  by  Mr.  Perkins,  of  Leamington  : 
it  has  been  largely  exhibited,  and  has  obtained  first-class  certifi- 
cates. It  is  of  a very  vigorous  and  robust  habit,  and  altogether 
by  far  the  best  plant  of  this  section  that  we  have  seen. 


485 


Worthington  G Smith, delet  lith 


I.Reeve  &.  Co.  5, Henrietta  St.  Covent,  Garden 


Vincent  Broolss  DayfeSonJmp 


Plate  485. 


ONCIDIUM  CRISP  ITM  GRANDIFLORUM. 


We  .'ire  indebted  to  Mr.  William  Bull,  of  the  King’s  Boad, 
Chelsea,  who  has  lately  greatly  extended  his  orchid  culture,  for 
the  opportunity  of  figuring  this  fine  variety  of  Oncidium, 
which  has  been  so  faithfully  rendered  by  our  artist  Mr. 
Smith. 

The  increased  attention  that  has  been  given  lately  to 
the  growth  of  orchidaceous  plants  is  due  in  some  measure  to 
the  fact  that  it  has  been  found  that  many  of  the  most  beauti- 
ful species  will  bear  a much  lower  temperature  than  used  to  be 
considered  necessary.  It  was  not  merely  that  amateurs 
grudged  in  many  cases  the  excessive  cost  of  keeping  up  the 
highly  heated  orchid-houses  ; but  that,  if  they  themselves  took 
an  interest  in  them,  it  became  very  fatiguing  to  be  in  them  for 
any  length  of  time ; and  hence,  when  the  cool  orchid  treatment 
was  demonstrated  to  be  a success,  many  were  induced  to  com- 
mence or  extend  their  growth. 

We  have  lately  alluded  to  the  new  orchid-house  built  by 
Mr.  Bull — in  itself  a sufficient  indication  of  their  universal 
growth  ; and  last  month  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  a new 
house  built  by  our  friend  Mr.  Charles  Leach  of  Clapham  Park, 
the  well-known  successful  cultivator  of  Disa  grandiflora,  and  we 
then  saw  a number  of  orchids  contenting  themselves  with  a 
temperature  which  a few  years  ago  would  have  been  considered 
death  to  them ; and  the  same  thing  is  being  reproduced  in 
many  places. 


Oncidium  Crispum  Grandijiorum  is  a remarkably  fine  free- 
flowering  orchid,  growing  freely  under  cool  treatment ; its 
character  will  be  sufficiently  indicated  by  the  plate,  although 
of  course  it  is  impossible  to  give  an  adequate  idea  of  its 
beauty.  The  sepals  and  petals  are  of  a deep  rich  brown  colour ; 
and  as  the  flowers  are  large  they  form  an  admirable  contrast 
with  some  of  the  lighter  coloured  flowers  of  the  same  genus. 


Worthington  & Smith,  del.  etlith 


lBeeve&Co5,Henrietta  St.Covent  Garden 


Ttncent  Brooks. Day  & Sonlmp 


Plate  486. 


EPACRIS  HYACINTHIFLORA  CARMINATA. 


Among  the  plants  which  all  horticulturists  find  useful  in 
the  duller  months  of  the  year  for  the  ornamentation  of  the 
conservatory  and  greenhouse,  there  are  none  more  so  than  the 
various  varieties  (now  very  numerous)  of  the  New  Holland 
Epacris  ; by  no  means  difficult  to  grow,  profuse  in  blooming, 
and  bearing  the  knife  well,  they  are  valuable  for  bouquets  as 
well  as  for  the  greenhouse. 

Bearing  a close  analogy  to  the  Ericas  of  the  Cape,  which 
they  seem  to  supplant  in  New  Holland,  they  require  in  many 
respects  similar  treatment ; disliking  fire  heat,  they  require 
only  to  be  kept  free  from  frost,  and  having  the  same  delicate 
fibrous  roots  they  need  to  have  the  same  soil—  i.e.,  simply  a good 
fibrous  peat,  with  a plentiful  supply  of  silver  sand.  When  the 
plants  have  (lowered,  and  before  they  commence  a fresh  growth, 
they  should  be  repotted,  taking  care  not  to  over  pot  them  ; 
the  soil  should  be  then  thoroughly  saturated — for  nothing  is 
more  injurious  to  them  than  to  have  what  we  too  often  see,  a 
ball  partially  dry.  After  this  they  should  be  watered  carefully, 
not  keeping  them  too  wet,  but  at  the  same  time  taking  care 
that  they  do  not  become  too  dry.  They  may  after  some  time 
be  placed  out  of  doors  along  with  the  other  hard-wooded 
plants  when  that  practice  is  adopted ; but  even  then  it  is 
better  to  have  some  protection  to  keep  them  from  the  heavy 
autumnal  rains ; indeed  it  is  better  to  house  them  again  before 
that  time. 


Tiie  Epacris  which  we  now  figure  has  been  raised  in  the 
well-known  establishment  of  Messrs.  Rollisson  and  Co.  of 
Tooting.  Its  name  is  characteristic  of  its  habit  of  flowering, 
for  instead  of  having  the  flowers  scattered  or  far  apart,  they  are 
densely  packed  together,  and  in  the  form  of  some  of  the  close 
growing  Hyacinths,  while  they  are  very  broad  and  compact. 
It  obtained  a first  class  certificate  at  the  Royal  Horticultural 
Society  on  the  16th  of  March,  and  another  from  the  Royal 
Botanic  Society  on  the  30th  of  March.  This  will  sufficiently 
indicate  its  value  ; and  that  it  is  destined  to  take  a high  place 
amongst  these  favourite  plants.  It  is  being  sent  out  by  the 
Messrs.  Rollisson,  to  whom  we  are  indebted  for  the  oppor- 
tunity of  figuring  it. 


487 


Worthington  G.  Smith,  del.  et  lith 


1 Reeve  & Co  5,Hennetia.  St. Covent  Garden 


Vincent  Brooks  .Day  &.Son,Imp 


Plate  487. 


ABUTILON  MEGAPOTAMICUM 
MARMORATUM. 


Some  remarkable  experiments  have  been  made  lately  as  to 
the  influence  of  the  stock  on  the  graft,  and  vice  versa,  by  Mr. 
Laing,  of  the  Stanstead  Park  Nurseries,  Forest  Hill,  and  the 
results  are  not  only  so  curious,  but  beautiful,  that  we  have 
determined  to  record  them  by  selecting  one  of  them  for  our 
present  illustration. 

Mr.  Laing  grafted  the  green  A.  Megapotamicum  on  the  varie- 
gated^/. Thompsonii,  and  the  scion  came  quite  variegated;  he  then 
reversed  the  process,  and  grafted  the  variegated  form  on  the 
green  one;  the  graft,  iu  order  that  it  might  receive  the  full 
influence  of  the  stock,  was  allowed  to  make  growth,  and  then 
kept  pinched  back.  Yet  withal,  although  this  induced  growth 
from  the  green  stock,  all  the  shoots  came  variegated.  Budding 
was  then  tried  : //.  Due  de  Malakoff  was  budded  on  A.  Thompsonii , 
as  roses  are  budded.  A green  leaf  was  left  on  the  bud,  which 
grew  and  kept  green ; but  all  the  other  growths  came 
variegated.  The  character  of  the  plant  was  no  way  changed, 
it  appearing  to  be  as  robust  as  the  type.  In  conversing  with 
Mr.  Laing  on  the  subject,  he  stated  that  matured  wood  was 
preferable  to  young  shoots,  and  budding  to  grafting ; for  that 
although  in  all  cases  the  growth  became  variegated,  it  was 
more  rapid  and  certain  in  the  case  of  the  former.  We  learn 
also  from  an  excellent  contemporary,  the  Gardener,  that  in  a 
lecture  delivered  by  Dr.  Masters,  on  the  subject  of  Plant  Life, 


he  stated  that  these  experiments  would  probably  tend  to  the 
modification  of  opinions  that  have  been  held  on  the  subject  of 
variegation,  and  also  on  that  of  the  influence  of  the  stock  or 
scion  in  producing  any  change  in  the  habit  or  growth  of  the 
plant ; while  Mr.  Van  Houtte  has  stated,  that  if  the  variegated 
scion  be  removed,  the  variegation  gradually  disappears  from  the 
stock,  and  green  leaves  only  are  then  produced. 

The  form  which  we  have  figured  is  the  variegated  one  of 
Megapotamicum,  which  Mr.  Laing  has  called  M armor  at  am,  a 
name  it  richly  deserves ; for  the  leaves  are,  as  will  be  seen, 
most  beautifully  marked,  while  the  contrast  with  the  bright 
scarlet  flower  makes  the  effect  still  more  remarkable.  The 
obtaining  of  such  plants  will  be  within  the  reach  of  every 
one  who  has  skill  enough  for  simple  grafting,  and  who  will 
take  the  trouble  to  do  it. 


1 Reeve  JcCo5.Hennetta  St  Covent  Garden 


Worthington  G Smith,  del  et  lith 


VmcentBrooks  Day  & Son,  Imp 


Plate  488. 


CYCLAMEN  PERSICUM  GIGANTEUM. 


We  may  well  ask,  in  looking  at  the  results  of  the  increased 
attention  that  has  been  given  to  the  growth  of  the  Cyclamen, 
what  shall  we  see  next?  Those  of  us  who  can  look  back 
many  years,  can  remember  when  small  plants  with  a few  flowers 
of  the  one  type  were  all  that  we  were  in  the  habit  of  seeing. 
It  was  always  said  that  to  increase  them  was  a matter  of 
difficulty,  and  when  any  change  did  appear,  as  we  remember  to 
have  seen  many  years  ago  with  the  Messrs.  Henderson  of  St. 
John’s  Wood,  the  plants,  although  they  would  now  be  passed 
by  as  unworthy  of  notice,  were  then  considered  remarkable ; 
whereas,  now  there  seems  to  be  no  limit  to  the  varieties  in 
form,  colour,  and  size. 

Amongst  those  who  have  helped  to  bring  the  Cyclamen  to 
its  present  state  of  perfection,  the  name  of  Mr.  Wiggins,  the 
intelligent  gardener  of  Mr.  Beck,  Worton  Cottage,  Isleworth, 
must  ever  hold  a prominent  place  ; for  he  not  only  demonstrated 
that  the  Cyclamen  was  capable  of  this  improvement,  but  that 
it  could  be  brought  to  pass  in  a remarkably  short  space  of  time  ; 
that  from  seed  sown  in  the  Spring  in  one  year,  he  was  enabled  to 
produce  plants  of  considerable  size,  with  a dozen  or  more  blooms, 
in  the  following  one  ; and  indeed,  some  persons  now  recommend 
that  they  should  be  almost  treated  as  annuals,  and  sown  from 
year  to  year.  All  this  is  effected  by  keeping  the  cor  ms  in  a 
growing  state,  giving  them  a light  rich  soil  and  generous 
treatment. 


Mr.  Edmonds,  of  Hayes,  has  this  year  exhibited  some  re- 
markably fine  forms  of  the  Cyclamen,  for  one  of  which — 
Giganteum,  which  we  now  figure — he  obtained  a first-class  cer- 
tificate. In  the  size  of  its  flowers  it  surpasses  all  that  have  been 
hitherto  raised,  while  their  colour  is  of  a bright  rich  rosy 
purple.  The  foliage  is  also  remarkably  fine,  and  there  can 
be  little  doubt  that  it  indicates  a “ break”  from  whence  we  may 
expect  great  things.  There  is  one  charm  about  these  plants 
which  it  does  not  seem  possible  to  “fix” — their  delicate  perfume ; 
from  the  same  pod  of  seed  plants  are  produced  both  scented  and 
not  scented.  But  perhaps  this  may  be  obviated,  and  we  shall  by 
and  bjr  have  to  record  that  it  has  been  overcome  by  the  skilled 
intelligence  of  the  many  raisers  of  this  favourite  flower. 


489. 


Worthington  G. Smith.?.  L.S  del  et  lith 


L Reeve  Ik  Co.5.Her.nett&  St.Covent  Garden 


Vincent  Brooks  Day  &Son,  Imp 


Plate  489. 


ALPINE  AURICULAS— SELINA,  BLACK 
PRINCE,  AND  MONARCH. 


The  past  season  was  not  a favourable  one  for  the  Auricula ; 
the  lengthened  cold  spring  materially  interfered  with  their 
period  of  blooming,  and  consequently,  when  the  exhibitions 
were  held  at  their  usual  time  only  two  exhibitors  were  enabled 
to  enter  into  competition ; our  own  were  not  in  bloom,  and 
indeed  so  late  were  they,  that  on  the  2 1 st  of  May  we  were 
enabled  to  cut  a box  of  excellent  blooms  and  send  them  to  the 
Crystal  Palace.  In  all  our  experience  of  Auricula  growing,  we 
never  recollect  so  late  a blooming  period.  There  were  not 
many  new  flowers  exhibited,  the  most  remarkable  amongst 
them  being  Colonel  Champneys,  a seedling  of  Mr.  Turner’s, 
good  in  some  points,  but  defective  in  others. 

Alpine  Auriculas  were,  however,  shown  in  good  condition 
and  large  quantities  by  Mr.  Charles  Turner,  of  Slough,  who 
has  done  much  to  improve  this  class  of  Auriculas ; indeed,  in 
point  of  form  and  beauty  of  colouring,  they  are  now  becoming 
equal  to  the  show  varieties.  From  the  handsome  collection  shown 
by  him  we  have  selected  three  for  our  illustrations.  Selina 
(fig.  1),  it  will  be  seen,  is  almost  intermediate  between  the  self- 
coloured  Auricula  and  the  Alpine — it  has  the  white  paste  of  the 
former  and  the  shaded  colour  of  the  latter,  this  being  of  a bright 
shaded  purple.  Black  Prince  (fig.  2)  is  a flower  of  good  form  and 
substance,  of  a deep  maroon,  shaded  with  black  ; while  Monarch 
(fig.  3)  is  one  of  the  most  perfect,  if  not  the  most  perfect, 


flower  that  we  have  seen ; the  substance  of  the  petals  is 
remarkable,  the  regularity  of  form  exquisite,  and  the  colour 
exceedingly  rich.  The  greater  ease  with  which  these  flowers  can 
be  grown  will  no  doubt  tend  to  make  them  popular ; they  do 
not  require  so  much  care  as  the  Auricula  proper,  but 
the  true  florist  will  never  hold  them  in  the  same  estimation. 


"Worthington  0. Smith, T.L.S.  deletlith 


7m  cent  Br  o oks . Day  & Son  Imp 


. feive  & Cc.S.Heimetta  Sx.  Covent  Garden 


Plate  490. 


MILTON  I A REGNELLI  PURPUREA. 


Never,  perhaps,  have  Orchids  been  exhibited  in  greater  per* 
fection  than  during  this  past  season.  We  have  seen  at  the 
various  Exhibitions,  this  year,  specimens  of  growth  so  luxuriant, 
and  of  inflorescence  so  gorgeous,  that  it  would  be  almost  impos- 
sible to  conceive  that  they  could  be  surpassed ; yet  it  would 
be  hazardous  to  say  so,  so  great  seems  the  skill  of  our  culti- 
vators. We  remember  that  Lilium  Auratim  was  described  on  its 
first  appearance  as  one-fiowered ; yet  we  have  seen  one  bulb 
producing  182  flowers.  It  used  to  be  thought  that  Pha/cenopsis 
Schillerianum  with  twenty  blooms  was  grand  ; but  who  could  see 
the  magnificent  plant  of  it  exhibited  by  Lord  Londesborough, 
and  not  wonder  at  the  growth  by  which  long  spikes  covered 
with  bloom  had  been  produced. 

We  have  only  instanced  these  amongst  many  others,  as  proofs 
of  the  wonderful  success  which  has  attended  plant  culture  of 
late  years ; for  masses  of  some  of  our  most  showy  species  have 
been  from  time  to  time  exhibited,  which  the  growers  of  Orchids 
would  formerly  have  considered  impossible ; and  there  can  be 
no  doubt  that,  in  no  country  in  the  world,  (probably,  not  even 
their  native  habitats,)  can  such  specimens  be  seen  as  we  are 
able  to  exhibit  in  England. 

The  exquisite  Orchid  which  we  now  figure,  is  from  the  rich 
and  varied  collection  of  the  Messrs.  Veitch,  of  Chelsea  ; and  the 
delicacy  of  its  sepals,  and  the  brilliancy  of  its  bright  labellum, 


produce  a most  charming  effect.  Mr.  Smith  has  succeeded 
in  giving  an  admirable  idea  of  this  beautiful  flower.  The 
flowers  are  produced  on  a long  spike,  and  stand  nearly  clear  of 
each  other.  The  petals  are  of  a delicate  pink,  while  the  labellum 
is  of  the  most  brilliant  purplish  crimson.  We  believe  that,  as 
a general  rule,  the  Miltonias  succeed  best  in  shallow  baskets, 
in  sphagnum,  or  on  blocks  of  wood  ; and  this  will  probably 
succeed  in  the  same  manner. 


491. 


VincentBrook  hay&Son.Imp. 


Worthington  G Smith  F.  L.S  del  et  lith 


L Reeve  &Co.5.Henrietta  Sr  Covent  Garden 


Plate  49 L 


ALYSSUM  ALPESTRE, 


The  favour  with  which  Alpine  plants  are  now  beginning  to 
be  received,  has  been  evidenced  by  the  large  number  of  collec- 
lions  which  have  been  exhibited  at  our  metropolitan  shows, 
and  the  attention  given  to  them  by  those  who  have  visited 
them,  Mr.  Ware,  of  Edmonton,  having  done  much  to  bring 
their  varied  forms  before  the  public : another  indication  of  this 
may  be  given  in  the  publication  of  Mr.  Robinson's  book  on 
Alpine  plants,  which  will,  we  think,  tend  much  to  encourage 
their  growth. 

The  Messrs.  Backhouse,  of  York,  have,  however,  always  held 
the  foremost  place  in  this  department,  and  it  is  to  them  we  are  in- 
debted  for  the  opportunity  of  figuring  this  very  pretty  Alyssum, 
which,  from  its  dwarf  character  and  profuseness  of  blooming,  is 
likely  to  be  a valuable  addition  to  the  tribe  to  which  it  belongs. 
It  is  by  no  means  a plant  of  recent  introduction,  but  like  a 
good  many  others  has  been  neglected,  and  has  again  only  re- 
cently been  re-introduced  to  our  gardens.  It  is  a late  spring 
or  early  summer  blooming  plant,  a native  of  the  Pyrenees  and 
other  mountainous  parts  of  Europe,  and  requires  for  its  suc- 
cessful culture  to  be  placed  in  a sunny  position  in  the  rockwork 
of  the  Alpine  garden,  and  to  be  planted  in  light  soil ; for  no 
greater  mistake  can  be  made  than  to  imagine  that  these  gems 
must  be  grown  in  the  shade.  They  cling  to  the  surface  of 
rocky  exposed  places,  but  often  strike  their  roots  deep  down 


into  the  soil,  and  therefore  these  two  things  should  be  com- 
bined— plenty  of  open  soil,  and  exposure  to  the  sun.  Alyssum 
alpestre,  it  will  be  seen,  is  furnished  with  beautiful  tufts  of 
diminutive  wallflower-looking  flowers,  and  we  can  hardly  con- 
ceive a more  charming  object  than  it  would  make  when  firmly 
established,  and  forming  one  of  those  dense  masses  of  colour 
which  the  plants  of  this  genus  are  wont  to  do. 


• 5- 


„ •'v  *'  ‘ ^ ‘ 

k \ \ l 


,« 

< 


.'..  








492. 


Worthington G.  Smith  ,FL  S del  et ]ith 


Vincent  '..rooks  Day&Sonlmo 


reeve  4.Co. SHennetta.  St.Covent  Garden 


Plate  492. 


VIOLA  CORNUTA — PERFECTION. 


The  value  of  the  Pansy  as  a bedding  plant,  especially  for 
spring  gardening,  has  been  for  a long  time  recognised,  and  those 
varieties  to  which  the  name  of  Cliveden  Pansies  has  been  given 
are  extensively  grown  wherever  this  is  attempted.  Others  of  a 
similar  character  (as  for  example,  the  Imperial  Blue,  raised  by 
Messrs.  Downie,  Laird,  and  Laing,  and  which  we  figured  some 
time  ago),  have  been  added  to  the  list,  and  doubtless,  as  the 
desire  for  spring  gardening  spreads,  they  will  be  still  more 
used. 

Por  a long  while  there  had  existed  in  our  gardens  a species 
of  Viola  to  which  no  great  attention  had  been  given,  but  which 
whenever  grown  had  always  been  admired,  the  horned-violet, 
Viola  Cornuia.  When  people  were  on  the  look-out  for  some- 
thing fresh  for  bedding  purposes,  this  was  soon  adopted  as  valu- 
able for  the  purpose,  and  to  Mr.  Wills  we  believe  is  especially 
due  the  merit  of  having  forced  its  capabilities  on  the  notice  of 
the  horticultural  world.  Some,  as  usual,  disputed  its  merits, 
but  it  won  its  way,  and  we  have  ourselves  seen  it  to  great 
advantage,  especially  in  light  grounds.  Last  year,  from  two 
different  quarters,  appeared  an  improved  form  of  this  Viola,  by 
some  called  Viola  cornuta , Perfection,  by  others  Blue  Perfection. 
Their  identity  was  maintained  by  some,  their  difference  by 
others.  Without  entering  into  the  controversy,  or  attempting 
to  state  the  arguments  which  have  been  adduced,  we  must  con- 
tent ourselves  with  the  statement  that,  in  our  opinion,  they  are 


identical,  and  what  is  of  far  greater  importance,  that  it  is  a 
plant  admirably  suited  for  bedding  purposes — being  a very  pro- 
fuse bloomer,  of  a shade  of  colour  that  is  much  wanted.  We  are 
indebted  to  Mr.  William  Bull,  of  the  King’s  Boad,  Chelsea,  for 
the  opportunity  of  figuring  it,  and  his  plants  came  from  the 
neighbourhood  of  Salisbury,  one  of  the  localities  from  whence  it 
was  sent  out. 


/ 


493 


Worthington  G.Snmh.ILS.dEletlith 


VincentBrooksDay  & Son  .Imp 


L Reeve  8c  Co.5.Kennetta  Sx.CoveTit  Garden 


Plate  493. 


CINERARIAS— PRINCESS  TECK,  ORB  OF 
DAY,  AND  CHANCELLOR. 


It  has  been  reserved  for  the  Messrs.  F.  and  A.  Smith,  of  West 
Dulwich,  to  show  that  this  beautiful,  early  blooming  flower 
is  capable  of  still  further  improvement ; and  that  although  the 
generality  of  people  say,  “ Oh,  it’s  of  no  use  attempting  to 
propagate  Cinerarias,  for  you  can  get  as  good  from  seed,” 
this  is  a fallacy ; the  same  may  be  said  concerning  the 
Pelargonium,  or  any  other  flower,  and  yet  we  know  that  in 
order  to  obtain  some  eight  or  ten  good  sorts  thousands  of  plants 
must  he  grown  and  thrown  away.  Where  space  is  limited  such 
a procedure  is  impossible,  and  therefore  all  lovers  of  really  good 
Cinerarias  owe  a debt  of  gratitude  to  the  Messrs.  Smith,  that 
they  have  persevered  in  their  endeavour  to  keep  good  named 
varieties  before  the  public. 

We  think  it  may  be  safely  said  that  never  were  there  more 
beautiful  Cinerarias  exhibited  than  those  in  our  present  plate, 
and  never  have  Cinerarias  been  so  worthily  represented.  A 
faithful  drawing  such  as  this  ought  to  entice  people  to  grow 
the  named  sorts,  and  give  up  the  more  ea  y but  disappointing 
plan  of  raising  seedlings.  Orb  of  Bay  is  without  doubt  the 
most  perfect  flower  ever  raised.  Princess  Tec/c  (fig.  1),  is  a 
flower  of  excellent  properties,  bright  mauve,  with  regularly 
formed  petals,  and  a clear  white  ground.  Orb  of  Day  (fig.  2), 
is  a remarkably  bright  and  distinct  flower,  the  colour  an  intense 


crimson-scarlet,  and  the  form  and  size  everything  that  could  be 
desired.  Chancellor  (fig.  3),  is  another  flower  of  excellent 
qualities,  of  a deep  purple  colour.  We  may  add,  that  all  these 
plants  are  of  good  habit,  and  easily  grown,  so  that  beauty  has 
not  been  obtained  at  the  expense  of  constitution.  These  and 
many  other  varieties  are  being  sent  out  by  the  eminent  firm 
to  whom  we  are  indebted  for  the  opportunity  of  figuring 
them. 


Wonlungtcn  G.  Smith  T.L.S.  del  et  lith 


L P.eeve  8«Cc.5.HeTiTietta.Sx.Covent  Garden. 


Plate  494. 


TEA  ROSE— MADAME  DUCHER. 


The  anticipation  which  we  formed  last  year  that  the  two 
roses  which  are  figured  in  this  favourite  class,  Mademoiselle 
Adrienne  Christoplde  and  Mademoiselle  Marie  Sisley , would  prove 
roses  of  first-rate  excellence,  has  been  justified  by  the  judgment 
of  most  rose  growers  ; and  wherever  they  have  been  exhibited  we 
have  seen  them  much  admired.  The  past  season  has  witnessed 
the  introduction  of  many  varieties,  but  it  remains  a matter  of 
question  whether  we  have  any  amongst  them  to  equal  these 
two  fine  roses. 

We  have  bloomed  several  of  the  Tea  Eoses  of  this  season,  and 
although  it  is  as  yet  too  early,  to  give  a very  decided  opinion  on 
their  merits,  we  shall  perhaps  do  good  service  in  describing  those 
that  have  already  bloomed.  Chamois  is  a rose  of  a very  peculiar 
colour,  justifying  the  name  that  has  been  given  to  it;  but  it  is 
very  small,  and  we  fear  there  is  not  enough  of  it  ever  to  make 
it  a popular  flower ; in  the  bud  it  is  charming,  and  it  might 
very  well  be  used  as  a “ button-hole  ” rose.  Mont  Blanc,  is  a 
vigorous-growing  white  rose,  occasionally  with  a very  slight 
tinge  of  yellow  in  it ; as  yet  we  are  unable  to  speak  positively 
of  its  merits.  Lamar que,  a jleurs  jaunes,  bears  a striking 
analogy  to  the  old  white  Lamarque,  one  of  our  very  best 
climbing  roses,  and  should  it  have  the  same  profuse  blooming 
qualities,  it  will  make  a valuable  addition  to  our  climbing  yellow 
roses.  It  is  a Noisette,  as  also  is  Reve  d' Or.  We  have  seen  one 


bloom  of  this,  which  was  perfect,  but  we  are  inclined  to  fear  that 
it  is  a shy-blooming  rose.  These  are  all  the  production  of 
Monsieur  Ducher,  who  is  also  the  raiser  of  the  one  now  figured, 
Madame  Ducher.  It  will  be  seen  that  the  flowers  of  this  variety 
are  large  and  well-formed,  the  colour  a clear  yellow,  said  to 
be  a seedling  from  Gloire  de  Dijon , to  which,  however,  it  bears 
no  analogy.  The  Tea  Eoses  raised  by  M.  Guillot  we  hope 
to  notice  when  we  figure  that  curious  Tea  rose,  Unique. 


” ? pc 


Vincent  Biocko  Day  v Sou.hnf 


WorOiiojioE  G Smith.  FL  S liclethih 


L few  «c.Co  ilicnneffA  ST,Cr<vent.  Oardiwi 


Plates  49 5;  496. 


CLEMATIS— MISS  BATEMAN,  MRS.  LISTER, 
LORD  NAPIER,  & LADY  LONDESBOROUGH. 


No  climbing  plant  has  received  of  late  years  so  much  atten- 
tion as  the  Clematis,  and  none  have  more  richly  rewarded 
the  labours  of  those  who  have  attempted  to  improve  them  by 
hybridization.  We  have  already  described  the  great  success 
of  Mr.  George  Jackman,  of  Woking,  in  the  production  of  such 
kinds  as  Jachnanni,  Prince  of  Wales , Rubella,  Magnifica,  and 
Mrs.  Bovill,  and  every  season  confirms  the  good  opinion  we 
have  entertained  of  them. 

The  varieties  which  are  now  figured  are  of  an  entirely  different 
strain ; for  whereas  those  raised  by  Mr.  Jackman  are  hybrids 
between  viticella  and  lanuginosa,  and  are  summer  and  autumn 
flowering  plants,  those  which  have  been  raised  by  Mr.  Noble 
of  Sunningdale,  are  hybrids  of  a different  character,  and 
are  early-flowering.  They  have  been  exhibited  largely  by 
Mr.  Noble  during  the  last  spring,  and  have  gained  several  cer- 
tificates. It  will  be  at  once  seen  that  they  differ  very  materially 
from  the  Woking  seedlings,  in  the  greater  number  of  petals, 
and  the  greater  delicac}r  of  their  colouring,  not  so  rich  perhaps, 
but  equally  beautiful.  We  have  selected  four  of  the  best  for 
illustration.  Miss  Bateman  (fig.  1)  is  a flower  of  the  most 
perfect  whiteness  ; Mrs.  Lister  (fig.  2)  differs  from  it  in  having 
a very  pale  rosy  lilac  tinge  at  the  base  of  the  petals  ; Lord 
Napier  (fig.  3)  is  a very  pale  mauve-coloured  flower,  each  petal 


being  margined  with  rosy  purple  giving  it  a very  distinct  ap- 
pearance ; while  Lady  Londesborough  (fig.  4)  is  of  a very  delicate 
lavender  tint,  each  petal  having  down  the  centre  a broad  well- 
defined  line  of  a lighter  shade  of  the  same  colour ; in  each  flower 
the  stamens  are  mauve-coloured,  and  in  the  lighter  varieties 
form  a pleasing  contrast  to  the  petals. 


497. 


L Reeve  8eCo.5.Hennetta,  Sx.Covent  Garden 


Plate  497. 


HYBPJD  PERPETUAL  ROSE— LOUIS  VAN 

HOUTTE. 


It  may  give  some  idea  of  the  difficulties  attendant  on  the 
raisins:  of  new  varieties  of  roses,  to  mention  the  fact  that,  al- 
though  it  is  now  some  seven  or  eight  years  since  Mons. 
Lacharme  of  Lyons  raised  what  is  to  this  day  perhaps  the  best, 
and  certainly,  taking  it  all  in  all,  the  most  favourite  rose  in 
cultivation,  Charles  Lefehvre , he  has  not  since  that  time 
added  any  roses  of  first-rate  merit  to  our  lists.  Prudence  Bresson 
was  a very  extraordinary  rose.  Thori  is  pretty,  Biford  bright, 
but  none  of  them  are  first-class  roses.  He  has,  however,  we 
believe,  in  the  rose  we  now  figure,  added  to  his  well-earned 
reputation,  and  Louis  Van  Houtte  is  a worthy  companion  to 
Charles  Lefehvre;  and  we  have  great  pleasure  in  giving  Mr. 
Smith’s  admirable  portrait  of  what  is  probably  the  best  rose  of 
the  year. 

We  cannot,  perhaps,  better  describe  the  rose  we  now  figure, 
than  by  saying  that  it  is  the  old  Cabbage  Rose  with  the  colour 
of  Charles  Lefehvre;  indeed,  it  is  said  by  its  raiser  to  be  of 
the  same  form  as  the  rose  a CenlfeuiUes,  for  so  the  old  favourite 
Cabbage  Rose  is  called  by  the  French.  It  has,  moreover,  the 
same  delicious  perfume  of  that  rose,  a perfume  perhaps  un- 
equalled by  any  other  in  cultivation,  while  it  fully  deserves  the 
name  of  Perpetual.  We  have  it  in  our  own  garden,  and  it  is  now 
(Aug.  20)  showing  quite  as  numerous  a crop  of  buds  as  it  did 
in  its  first  head  of  bloom  in  June,  and  when  we  add  to  that, 


that  it  is  of  a very  vigorous  constitution,  we  think  we 
have  said  sufficient  to  justify  our  statement  that  it  is  a first- 
class  rose,  and  one  that  is  sure  to  make  its  way  into  every 
collection,  however  select  it  may  be.  We  have  seen  a good 
many  of  the  new  roses  of  the  present  season,  but  none  of  them 
have,  in  our  opinion,  equalled  this  very  beautiful  seedling  of 
Mons.  Lacliarme’s. 


498. 


"Vincent  Broods  .Bay  & Soil  Jn^ 


Worthington  G Smith  J.LS.  del  .et  lith 


L Reeve &Co.5.Heimett&  St.  Covent  Garden 


Plate  498. 


AZALEA — MARIE  HENRIETTE. 


The  varieties  of  this  very  beautiful  greenhouse  plant  are  not 
so  numerously  produced  as  they  were  some  few  years  ago ; at 
least,  not  flowers  of  sterling  merit ; and  very  few  have  been 
brought  forward  at  the  various  exhibitions  which  have  been 
held  in  London  this  season.  We  believe  that  Messrs.  I very 
& Son  of  Dorking  have  some  good  flowers  to  distribute,  while 
Mr.  Charles  Turner  of  Slough  has  some  of  Belgian  origin, 
which  are  evidently  of  a style  sure  to  be  popular,  and  amongst 
them  is  the  one  we  now  figure,  Marie  Benrietle. 

We  last  year  figured  a flower  of  somewhat  the  same 
character — Mrs.  Turner — also  in  Mr.  Turner’s  hands,  but  the 
present  variety  differs  considerably  from  that ; indeed,  how- 
ever closely  those  flowers,  which  seem  to  have  their  origin  in 
the  old  “ variegata ” may  seem  to  resemble  each  other,  the  eye 
of  the  cultivator  soon  discerns  the  difference.  Etoile  de  Gaud, 
Due  d' Aremburg,  Fascination,  Mrs.  Turner , and  Marie  Henrietta, 
all  belong  to  the  same  style,  but  they  are  all  distinct,  and  al- 
though in  a small  collection  it  may  be  possible  to  dispense 
with  some  of  them,  yet  they  are  none  of  them  out  of  place  in  a 
larger  one. 

Marie  Henriette,  is  a flower  of  very  delicate  colouring,  the 
ground  a bright  salmon  pink,  with  a clear,  wrell-defined  margin  of 
white  round  each  petal,  the  two  upper  petals  being  spotted  with 
dark  rosy  crimson  spots.  The  habit  of  the  plant  is  very  robust, 


and  the  specimens  we  saw  at  the  Crystal  Palace  Show  in  May 
last  were  thickly  covered  with  bloom.  Nothing  can  be  more 
charming  than  these  plants  in  the  early  spring  enlivening  the 
greenhouse  or  conservatory  with  their  brilliant  and  delicate 
colours,  while  the  ease  with  which  they  are  cultivated  adds 
greatly  to  then'  value. 


I.  Rc-eve  .V'.y.'.S.Henrietta Sx  Covent  Garden. 


aitglon  i 


Vinc-j'.i  Bi-  *;  Kr  Davo. '-ojuiii. 

atiijitet  I 


Plate  499. 


CYPRIPEDIUM  DOMINIANUM. 


Amongst  the  most  successful  of  hybridizers  must  be  ranked 
our  friend  Mr.  Bominy,  who  has  for  many  years,  in  the 
establishment  of  Messrs.  Veitch,  of  Chelsea,  evidenced  so  much 
skill  and  perseverance  in  the  cultivation  and  hybridization  of 
the  most  aristocratic  and  varied  of  all  Flora’s  gems,  the  family 
of  Orchids.  We  have  already  enriched  our  pages  with  illustra- 
tions of  his  success,  and  Cattleya  Pilcheri  and  Exoniensis  bear 
witness  to  his  skill  and  perseverance ; we  now  figure  another  of 
a different  family,  the  curious  Cypripedium,  of  which  we  have 
already  figured  Cypripedium  Harrisianum,  another  of  Mr. 
Dominy’s  hybrids. 

Cypripedium  Dominianum  is  a hybrid  between  Cypripedium  Can- 
datum  and  Cypripedium  Pearseii,  and  any  one  acquainted  with 
the  two  parents  will  at  once  see  that  it  is  a veritable  hybrid. 
Many  crosses  of  this  kind  are  oftentimes  merely  varieties  of 
one  or  other  of  the  parents,  the  blood,  so  to  speak,  of  the  other 
not  being  apparent ; but  here,  we  have  only  to  look  at  the 
foliage  and  see  how  exactly  intermediate  it  is  between  that  of 
the  two  parents,  to  be  able  to  judge  how  thoroughly  the 
crossing  has  been  carried  out ; and  the  same  effects  may  be 
traced  in  the  flower  itself.  Our  artist  has  found  it  impossible 
to  give  in  the  plate  the  entire  length  of  the  singular  caudal 
appendages  of  the  flower,  and  has  therefore  added  a small  view 


of  the  flower,  very  much  reduced,  in  order  to  give  them  in 
their  entirety,  and  has  also  added  an  outline  sketch  of  the  leaf 
to  show  its  intermediate  character. 

In  cultivation,  its  treatment  is  the  same  as  its  parents,  and 
we  have  only  to  add  our  gratification  at  being  able  to  figure 
another  of  Mr.  Dominy’s  successes. 


"Worthington  G Smith.  T.  L . S del.et  lith 


500. 


Vincent  Brooks  Da.y&Son,Im[ 


L Reeve  & Co.SHennetta  Sn.Govent  Garden 


Plate  500. 


IBERIS  GIBRALTARICA. 


The  plant  we  now  figure  is  by  no  means  what  is  called  a 
novelty.  In  the  vast  increase  of  plants  of  all  kinds  which  have 
been  introduced  of  late  years,  and  for  which,  even  in  the  most 
extensive  establishments,  it  is  impossible  to  find  a place,  many 
a deserving  plant  is  thrust  into  the  background,  forgotten, 
it  may  be,  altogether ; and  when  re-introduced,  considered 
quite  new.  Now  Iberis  Gibraltarica  was  figured  in  the  Botanical 
Magazine  eighty  years  ago,  forming  Plate  124  of  a work  which 
still  holds  on  its  course  with  undiminished  vigour ; yet,  when 
attention  was  drawn  to  it  lately  in  the  pages  of  a contemporary, 
many  persons  had  never  seen,  and  consequently  did  not  know, 
the  plant.  So  much  is  this  the  case,  that  in  one  of  the  largest 
catalogues  of  herbaceous  plants  published,  Mr.  Ware,  of 
Tottenham,  says  : — “ I have  just  obtained  the  true  Iberis  Gib- 
raltarica, and  hope  to  offer  it  next  season.” 

In  the  spring  garden,  the  plants  of  this  family  must  ever 
hold  a conspicuous  place ; blooming  at  the  same  time  as  the 
Alyssums,  Aubrietias,  and  Arabis,  they  are  especially  valuable  ; 
their  dwarf  habit  and  the  profuseness  of  their  bloom,  which 
completely  covers  the  whole  foliage  so  that  not  a green  leaf  is 
seen,  making  them  most  desirable  plants.  The  colour  in  the 
various  species  varies  from  pure  white  to  blush  and  pale  lavender, 


and  is  tlie  same  in  Iberis  Gibraltarica — this  latter  species  (for 
the  opportunity  of  figuring  which  we  are  indebted  to  our  friend 
Mr.  Backhouse,  of  York)  is  somewhat  more  robust  than 
carnosci,  sempervircns , and  other  species,  but  it  is  equally  free 
blooming : and  whether  in  the  rock-garden  or  mixed  border, 
will  be  found  an  acquisition  to  a class  of  plants  rapidly 
coming  into  favour. 


501. 


L.  Reeve  & Co.S.Hennetta  Sx.Covent  Garden 


"Vincent Brooks  Day  & Son,  Imp 


Worthington  G.  Smith  F L.S.  del  et lith 


Plate  501. 


PELARGONIUMS— CHARLEMAGNE  AND 

HOLKAR. 


Notwithstanding  the  apparent  decrease  of  interest  in  the 
large  flowering  or  show  Pelargoniums,  and  the  popularity  of  the 
zonal  section,  there  are  still  indications  that  the  former  are  not 
altogether  neglected,  and  amongst  these  must  be  cited  the  fact 
that  a considerable  number  of  seedlings  have  been  again  brought 
forward  this  season,  from  amongst  which  we  have  selected  two 
for  our  illustration. 

In  the  cultivation  of  the  Pelargonium  (which  is  by  no  means 
a difficult  plant  to  manage)  it  must  be  borne  in  mind  that  in 
order  to  have  a good  head  of  bloom,  it  is  necessary  that  by  the 
flowering  time  the  pots  should  be  well  filled  with  roots, 
therefore  everything  like  over-potting  ought  to  be  avoided ; 
they  should  be  placed  in  their  blooming  pots  by  the  end 
of  January,  and  encouraged  to  grow,  so  that  by  the  time  of 
flowering  they  may  have  made  all  their  foliage,  and  have  to  throw 
their  strength  into  the  bloom.  When  in  the  spring  the  leaves 
begin  to  show  signs  of  turning  yellow,  they  should  have  a little 
clear  manure  water  to  stimulate  them,  and  although  they  do 
not  require  fire  heat,  yet  in  cold,  damp,  or  foggy  weather,  fire  is 
serviceable,  and  the  temperature  of  the  house  in  whichtliey  are 
grown  should  never  be  allowed  to  fall  below  40°.  The  plants 
should  be  kept  quite  clean  and  fumigated*  so  as  not  to  allow 

* For  tliis  purpose  nothing  that  we  have  met  with  is  so  simple  and  effective 
as  the  fumigator  invented  and  registered  by  Mr.  Appleby,  of  Dorking. 
We  have  used  it  with  his  prepared  tobacco-paper,  and  found  it  most 
successful. 


green  fly  to  infest  them,  and  when  coming  into  bloom  they 
should  be  shaded,  so  as  not  to  allow  the  sun  to  scorch  either 
blossom  or  foliage. 

Of  the  Pelargoniums  figured,  Charlemagne  (fig.  1)  is  a beautiful 
soft  pink  flower  of  the  same  style  as  Mary  Hoyle,  Maid  of  Honour, 
Troubadour,  &c.,  and  is  a very  pleasing  flower.  Holkar  (fig.  2)  is 
one  of  the  rich  painted  flowers  which  are  always  so  attractive, 
and  of  which  Llewellyn  and  MenileJc  are  examples ; they,  with 
several  others,  will  be  let  out  by  Mr.  Charles  Turner,  of  the 
Eoyal  Nurseries,  Slough,  in  the  present  month. 


502 


Plate  502. 


DENDROBIUM  SCHRCEDERII. 


We  have  to  chronicle  another  addition  to  the  numerous  family 
of  Bendrobium , so  well  suited  for  the  purposes  of  exhibition,  and 
have  recourse  to  the  extensive  and  varied  collection  of  the 
Messrs.  Veitch,  of  Chelsea,  for  our  illustration. 

The  family  of  Dendrobia  furnishes  some  of  our  most 
beautiful,  and  at  the  same  time  most  easily  cultivated  Orchids ; 
plants  soon  forming  dense  masses  from  which  abundant  flower- 
stems  issue,  so  as  to  give  an  appearance  of  great  gorgeousness 
to  the  houses  in  which  they  grow.  What  can  be  finer  than 
the  masses  of  Bendrobium  nobile,  that  we  continually  see  with 
our  best  orchid  growers  ? What  more  pure  and  ivory-like  than 
B.  eburneum  ? or  what  more  gorgeous  than  the  orange  masses 
of  Bendrobium  densiforum  ? 

It  is  to  the  latter  species  that  Bendrobium  Schrcederii  has  most 
analogy ; indeed  there  are  many  varieties  of  densiforum,  such 
as  Albcduteum,  which  bear  a very  close  resemblance  to  it. 
There  are,  however,  features  about  it  which  shew  clearly  its  dis- 
tinctness. 

There  are  various  methods  used  for  growing  the  allied  species, 
some  using  pots,  others  pieces  of  peeled  oak,  and  suspending 
the  plants  from  the  roof.  We  are  informed  by  the  Messrs. 
Veitch,  by  whose  kindness  we  figure  the  plant,  that  they  grow 
Bendrobium  Schrcederii  in  this  latter  mode,  at  the  cool  end  of  their 
Cattleya  house.  When  Dendrobids  are  grown  in  pots,  they 


ought  to  be  carefully  potted  in  peat  and  sphagnum,  to  keep 
the  plant  above  the  surface  of  the  pot,  so  as  to  prevent 
any  damp  from  lodging  in  the  heart  of  the  plant,  which  would 
he  fatal  to  it ; in  other  respects  it  presents  no  difficulties  of 
culture. 


503 


Worthington  G.Sinith  EL  S.Ael  eilith 


Reeve  & Co.SHenneita  St  Covent  Garden 


"Viu  i 1 ent  Bvo  o ks  .Day  & Son , hny 


Plate  503. 


HYBRID  PERPETUAL  ROSE— MADE- 
MOISELLE EUGENIE  VERDIER. 


We  have  already  figured  two  of  the  Lyons  roses  of  last 
season,  one  raised  by  Mons.  Lacharme,  and  the  other  hy  Mons. 
Bucher.  We  now  add  a third,  raised  by  Mons.  Guiliot  fils, 
to  whom  we  are  already  indebted  for  some  of  our  very  choicest 
roses,  especially  in  the  Tea-scented  section. 

Amidst  the  many  horrors  connected  with  the  war  now  raging 
in  Prance,  we  as  horticulturists  are  likely  to  feel  its  effects  in  a 
lesser  degree;  already  we  have  heard  of  the  destruction  of  the  esta- 
blishments of  some  of  our  best  known  continental  florists,  and 
we  are  now  reminded  how  utterly  hopeless  it  will  be  to  expect 
any  new  roses,  as  yet  at  any  rate,  from  France.  We  have 
oftentimes  complained  of  the  number  of  so-called  novelties  ; 
this  year  we  shall  have  to  depiore  that  no  novelties  at  all  reach 
us,  and  shall  have  to  content  ourselves  with  the  roses  we  already 
possess. 

Mons.  Guiliot  fils  sent  out  last  autumn  the  following 
roses  : Madame  Hippolite  Jamain,  tea-scented ; this  is  a large  and 
well-formed  rose,  pure  white,  and  the  centre  petals  coppery- 
yellow,  edged  with  rose  ; Catharine  Mermet,  a well-formed  rose, 
holding  itself  well  (and,  indeed,  in  this  respect  most  of  the  new 
tea-scented  roses  have  an  advantage  over  the  older  varieties),  a 
very  light  flesh-colour,  and  good  in  form  ; Unique,  a very 


curiously  formed  and  coloured  rose,  having  some  analogy  to  that 
old  rose,  David  Pradel , but  more  remarkable  in  its  colouring, 
the  ground  being  white  and  deeply  edged  with  purplish  rose  ; 
and  lastly,  that  which  we  now  figure,  Mademoiselle  Eugenie 
Verdier,  which  has  proved  itself  this  season  to  be  an  excellent 
variety,  the  flowers  large,  very  full,  and  well  formed,  a beau- 
tiful clear  lively  pink,  and  the  reverse  of  the  petals  silvery 
white  ; the  habit  is  good,  and  altogether  it  is  one  of  the  best 
roses  of  the  year. 


504 


War tiungLon  & Smuii  P.L.S  Clf'-  e^litii 


"Vm  cen  tBrooVs  Bay  & Son  , Imp 


L Reeve  & Co.SHeimetta  Sx  Covent  Garden 


Plate  504. 


LILIUM  THUNBERGIANUM  BICOLOR. 


There  is  not  perhaps  a class  of  plants  more  universally 
admired  than  that  of  the  Lilies,  whether  it  be  for  gorgeousness 
or  simplicity,  for  purity  of  colour  or  brilliancy  of  tint ; they  are 
everywhere  admired,  and  yet  by  how  very  few  systematically 
cultivated.  One  gentleman,  G-eorge  F.  Wilson,  Esq.,  has  done 
much  in  this  direction,  both  by  bringing  forward  specimens  of 
his  own  cultivation,  and  by  offering  prizes  to  be  competed  for 
at  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society ; while  Mr.  W.  Bull  of 
Chelsea  has  introduced  some  striking  novelties,  which  may 
tend  to  make  them  still  more  popular. 

Japan  has  furnished  some  of  the  most  beautiful  of  the 
greenhouse  or  half-hardy  species,  many  of  which  are  indeed 
proving  themselves  nearly  if  not  quite  hardy  ; from  it  we 
obtained  the  fiery  red  L.  atrosanguineum,  and  the  pure  white 
eximium ; from  it,  in  the  year  1833,  we  obtained  L.  sjje- 
ciosum  and  its  varieties  (and  we  well  remember  how  great  was 
the  sensation  it  created) ; and  about  the  same  time  L.  Tliun- 
bergianum ; while  at  a still  Eater  period  we  all  can  remember  the 
astonishment  of  the  horticultural  world  when  the  lovely  and 
gorgeous  L.  auratum  was  exhibited  by  Mr.  Veitcli  of  Chelsea, 
and  Mr.  Standish  of  Ascot.  Then  they  were  to  be  envied  who 
could  procure  it;  it  has  since,  however,  become  so  plentiful 
that  every  one  is  enabled  to  grow  it,  and  many  very  beautiful 
varieties  of  it  have  been  flowered. 


Lilium  Thunbergianum  bicolor  is  a very  beautiful  variety  of  the 
original  type,  the  outer  margin  of  the  petals  being  of  a bright 
fiery  red,  and  the  centre  a brilliant  orange,  giving  it  a very 
distinct  appearance.  Like  most  of  its  congeners  it  does  well  in 
a greenhouse,  and  requires  at  least  the  protection  of  a cold 
frame  in  winter.  We  are  indebted  to  Mr.  Bull  for  the  oppor- 
tunity of  figuring  it. 


Wordung'tim  G Sinni.  F.L.S.  del.  etith 


Vhicei.'.  3t-  . k lav.’i 


Reeve  & Co.S.Henrietta.-  S'  . Covent  Garden 


Plate  505. 


ACHIMENES— ADMIRATION  AND 
MASTERPIECE. 


Mr.  B.  S.  Williams,  in  liis  admirable  work  on  “ Stove  and 
Greenhouse  Plants,”  says,  “ This  is  a beauciful  family  of  Gesne- 
reacese,  too  often  cast  aside  by  plant  growers ; and  being  tuber- 
like plants  dying  down  annually,  they  often  get  forgotten 
during  the  season,  while  they  are  stored  away  in  the  dry  state. 
The  Achimenes  are  plants  which  should  especially  commend 
themselves  to  those  who  have  but  a limited  quantity  of  glass, 
as  they  serve  to  enliven  the  houses  during  the  period  when 
other  plants  are  out  of  doors.”* 

We  have  already  figured  some  very  beautiful  varieties  of  the 
Achimenes,  and  now  add  portraits  of  two  which  will  be  sent  out 
by  Mr.  Wm.  Bull,  of  King’s  Road,  Chelsea;  it  will  be  seen 
that  their  brilliancy  of  colour  fully  justifies  the  position  we 
have  assigned  them. 

There  is  no  difficulty  in  their  cultivation,  and  a few  tubers 
should  be  started  every  month,  from  January  to  May,  in  order 
to  give  a succession  of  bloom ; some  grow  them  in  pots  and 
others  in  pans,  and  during  their  period  of  growth  they  should 
be  kept  in  a moist  heat,  in  which  they  delight,  but  as  soon  as 
they  are  in  bloom  they  may  be  removed  to  a cool  conservatory, 


* We  cannot  speak  too  highly  of  the  two  admirable  volumes  of  Mr.  B.  S. 
Williams.  They  contain  not  only  descriptions  of  stove  and  greenhouse  plants, 
but  practical  directions  for  cultivation. 


care  being  taken  not  to  expose  them  to  cold  draughts.  It  is 
desirable  to  provide  small  sticks  for  the  shoots,  so  as  to  give 
greater  neatness  of  appearance,  and  prevent  the  plants  from 
tailing  over  the  pots  ; they  are  also,  as  Mr.  Williams  observes, 
admirably  adapted  for  banging  baskets,  and  when  their  colours 
are  mixed,  the  effect  is  very  beautiful.  Of  those  figured, 
Admiration  (fig.  1)  is  of  a bright  magenta  hue;  Masterpiece 
(fig.  2)  is  a rich  mauve. 


bub. 


V.\nthms>;tv.iG.Snith,l:.I.S  cK  -.-t  Ml 


Vi  is  cel'.:  Brocis  I>ay& S j;  . . lmj  - . 


1.  Reeve  8;  Co.5.HenTiettaS'D. Covent  Garden 


Plate  506. 


TROPSEOLUM — MINNIE  WARREN. 


The  value  of  the  Tropseolum  has  long  been  recognised,  and 
its  usefulness  appreciated  in  various  circumstances.  Some  of 
the  species  are  admirably  adapted  for  running  over  trellises, 
others  form  excellent  beds ; their  freedom  of  growth,  the  vivid 
green  of  their  foliage,  the  brightness  of  their  scarlet  flowers 
produced  in  great  profusion,  all  tending  to  make  them  popular. 
Again,  they  are  admirably  suited  for  ribbon  borders,  whether 
scarlet  or  yellow ; in  fact  there  are  few  flowers  which  are  more 
generally  useful,  while  the  greenhouse  species,  especially  tricolor 
and  Jarratii,  are  invariably  appreciated. 

Amidst  the  infinite  variety  to  which  plants  are  subject,  that 
of  foliage  is  not  the  least  remarkable,  and  the  Tropseolum  has 
also  exhibited  this  tendency.  Mr.  Charles  Turner,  of  the  Royal 
Nursery,  Slough,  last  season  distributed  a very  pleasing  variety 
called  Ockreleuca,  the  foliage  of  which  is  of  a pleasing  yellow 
colour  ; we  have  seen  it  employed  this  season  in  various  ways, 
but  especially  as  a yellow  ribbon  border,  and  it  was  one  of  the 
most  effective  plants  we  have  seen  this  summer.  The  plant 
which  we  now  figure  is  of  an  entirely  different  character  ; it  is, 
as  will  be  seen,  exceedingly  dwarf  of  character,  the  ground  colour 
is  green,  blotched,  and  broadly  edged  with  pale  cream,  very 
constant  in  its  variegation,  and  never  produces  blossoms  ; and 


we  have  no  doubt  that  it  will  form  an  excellent  plant  for  the 
border  of  large  beds  or  ribbon  walks.  We  are  indebted  to  Mr. 
John  Cuttell  of  Westerham,  for  the  opportunity  of  figuring  this 
very  pretty  plant,  which  we  shall  hope  to  see  in  the  ensuing 
summer,  quite  as  extensively  as  its  congeners.  It  has  received 
a first-class  certificate  from  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society, 
and  also  at  Tonbridge  Wells  and  Brighton. 


],  iiAjevefeCu.^Henrictta SiCovent.  G finder 


Plates  507  & 508. 


GLADIOLUS— ORPHEE  & HORACE. 


The  present  season  has  perhaps  brought  this  beautiful 
autumn  flower  more  prominently  into  notice  than  any  preceding 
one;  the  Gladiolus  Exhibition  at  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society’s 
Gardens  at  South  Kensington,  and  the  new  Metropolitan 
Floral  Society’s  Show  at  the  Crystal  Palace,  having  brought 
together  a larger  number  of  flowers  than  were  ever  before  ex- 
hibited at  one  season  in  London,  and  we  have  no  doubt  that  the 
result  will  be  a greater  attention  to  the  cultivation  of  the 
Gladiolus  than  it  has  heretofore  received. 

Not  the  least  remarkable  feature  of  these  exhibitions  was  the 
large  number  of  new  varieties  which  appeared  in  the  various 
stands.  At  present  there  seems  but  little  probabilit}'  of  our  re- 
ceiving the  new  varieties  of  this  season  from  France  (although 
the  catalogues  have  already  appeared),  and  therefore  those  of  the 
past  season  will  have  the  greater  interest.  Of  the  large  number 
sent  out  by  M.  Souchet  last  autumn,  the  following  seem 
to  us  the  most  remarkable : — Armide,  a large  and  well-formed 
flower,  light  ground,  with  deep  rosy  carmine  stripes ; Adanson, 
very  large  rose  flower  tinted  with  lilac,  somewhat  in  the  style 
of  Anais,  but  finer;  Agatlie , light  ground,  with  amaranth  carmine ; 
Delicatissima,  a very  delicately  coloured  flower,  a very  light  lilac 
tint  being  suffused  over  the  upper  petals,  the  lower  ones  being 
nearly  white ; Lacepede,  long  spike  of  fine  flowers,  rose-tinted 
with  cherry  and  violet ; Pericles,  a very  fine  spike,  carmine 
purple,  with  white  spots  on  the  lower  petals  ; Robert  Fortune,  a 


very  line  flower,  carmine  red  flamed  with  crimson ; Rosa 
Bonheur,  white  very  lightly  tinted  with  lilac,  (the  top  petal 
has  a curious  way  of  doubling  itself  back,  which  somewhat 
detracts  from  the  beauty  of  the  plant)  and  those  figured  in  our 
plate — Orp/tee  (fig.  1),  a very  long  spike  of  fine  expanded  flowers, 
the  ground  colour  white,  with  bright  rose  carmine  flakes,  and 
on  the  lower  petals  fine  purple  carmine  spots ; and  Horace 
(fig.  2),  a large  and  well  opened  flower,  fiery  red  with  large 
white  spots.  Many  of  these  flowers  are  great  improvements  on 
those  of  preceding  years,  especially  in  the  number  of  flowers 
that  open  at  one  time  on  the  spike,  adding  greatly  to  their 
beauty.  Among  the  most  remarkable  flowers  exhibited  this 
season  have  been  those  of  Messrs.  Kelway  and  Son  of  Lang- 
port,  and  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Mein  of  Kelso. 


509.610 


Worthington  G Smith.  F L S del  et  hth 


Vincent  Hrooks  -DavASonTnu* 


Gulden 


Plates  509,  510. 


LILIUM  LITCHLINII  AND  LILIUM 
TIGRINUM  SPLENDENS. 


Amongst  those  flowers  which  are  coming  into  favour  we  think 
that  we  may  fairly  class  the  beautiful  tribe  of  Lilies.  We  have 
lately  figured  one  of  those  recently  introduced  amongst  us;  and 
now,  by  the  kind  permission  of  Mr.  G.  F.  Wilson  and  Mr.  Bull, 
we  figure  two  which  have  been  exhibited  by  them  at  South 
Kensington,  and  are  happy  to  be  able  to  give  also  the  following 
notes  from  the  former  gentleman,  certainly  our  most  enthu- 
siastic amateur  of  these  plants  : — 

“ I have  found  the  best  soil  for  Lilies  to  be  a mixture  of  two- 
thirds  of  fibrous  peat  and  one-third  of  good  loam  with  a top 
dressing  of  well  rotted  manure.  I have  grown  Lilium  Litchlinii 
both  in  pots  in  a cold  orchard  house,  and  in  a lily  bed  in  the 
open  air  in  a sheltered  place, — this  gives  a succession  of  flowers. 
The  large  varieties  of  L.  Tigrinum  I have  grown  both  in  pots,  a 
number  massed  together  in  a bed,  and  one  or  two  bulbs  planted 
out  in  Rhododendron  beds,  and  in  shrubby  borders.  These  two 
last  modes  of  planting  best  show  the  beauty  of  shade  of  the  fine, 
tall,  wide-spreading  head  in  the  greatest  perfection.  And  as  the 
L.  Tigrinum  splendens  and  L.  Tigrinum  Fortunei  both  flower  about 
a month  later  than  the  old  L.  Tigrinum , they  come  in  at  an  accep- 
table time. 

“The  L.  Tigrinum  sglendens  of  which  Mr.  Van  Houtte  last 
year  sent  over  flowers,  had  larger  spots  than  those  in  any  I have 


grown  or  seen  exhibited  this  year.  I see  little  difference  between 
L.  Tigrinum  Fortunei  and  the  variety  which,  when  exhibited  by 
Mr.  Bull  and  myself  at  South  Kensington,  was  recognised  as 
L.  Tigrinum  splendetis;  but  in  the  opinion  of  a competent  botanical 
authority  who  saw  both  varieties  in  bloom  here,  there  are  points 
of  difference.” 

We  think  that  nothing  need  be  added  to  the  above.  We  are 
sure  the  beauty  of  these  flowers  will  be  appreciated ; and  next 
year  we  may  hope  to  see  a good  display  of  them  at  our  exhibi- 
tions. 


511. 


Vincent  Brooks . Day  &Son,  Imp 


. nr  r,t,t  hi.  Co  vent  Garden 


Worthington  G.  Smith . F.L  S del.et,  lith 


Plate  511. 


CATTLEYA  QUINQUECOLOR. 


In  our  volume  for  1867  we  figured  in  Plate  360  Cattleya 
Brabantice,  one  of  the  successful  results  of  Mr.  Dominy’s  skill. 
We  have  now  the  pleasure  of  figuring  another,  and  a still  more 
beautiful  plant,  the  results  of  the  same  indefatigable  hybridizer’s 
perseverance  and  judgment,  for  such  we  believe  every  one  who 
compares  the  two  will  not  hesitate  to  pronounce  it  to  be. 

Cattleya  Brabantice  was  a cross  between  Cattleya  Aclandice  and 
Loddegesii,  the  former  is  also  one  of  the  parents  of  Cattleya 
Quinquecolor,  while  C.  Forbesii  is  the  other ; there  is  something 
very  rich  in  the  soft  brown  colours  of  the  sepals  and  petals,  with 
their  rich  dark-brownish  crimson  spots,  while  the  bright  carmine 
and  yellow  centre  of  the  lip  gives  a lightness  to  the  flower  which 
C.  Brabantice  does  not  possess.  It  has  been  exhibited  before 
the  Floral  Committee  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society,  and 
obtained  from  them  a first  class  certificate,  a tribute  not  merely 
to  the  beauty  of  the  plant,  but  to  the  skill  and  perseverance  of 
its  raiser. 

The  cultivation  of  Orchids  is  now  so  well  understood,  that  it 
is  not  necessary  for  us  to  say  anything  as  to  the  culture  of  the 
Cattleya  now  figured.  It  is  not  one  of  the  cool-house  orchids, 
but  will  require  a somewhat  warm  temperature.  We  may  add 
that  whoever  desires  successfully  to  cultivate  this  varied  and 
charming  tribe,  cannot  do  better  than  consult  the  excellent  work 
of  Mr.  B.  S.  Williams,  the  Orchid  Growers  Manned,  where  good 
sound  practical  information  is  given  on  the  proper  methods  of 
cultivation,  and  also  hints  as  to  the  forming  of  large  and  small 
collections. 


. 


512 


'Worthington  G Smith,  F L.S  del.etlith 


Vincent  Broote.Day  &Son.  Imp 


| 

jji 

ii 

| 

' 


/ j; 
ii 


l.neeve&Co  5, Henrietta  St.  Covent  Garden 


Plate  512. 


DELPHINIUM  NUDICAULE. 


The  family  of  Delphinium  furnishes  some  of  the  most  beautiful 
of  our  herbaceous  plants,  especially  in  that  colour  always  so 
much  appreciated  and  so  deservedly  admired,  a rich  ultramarine 
blue ; nothing  can  be  more  striking  in  a garden  than  a good 
clump  of  D.  formosum,  Hendersonii , or  magnijicum , while  the 
lovely  sky-blue  of  B.  formosum  furnishes  a colour  very  rarely 
seen  in  our  gardens,  and  hence  the  more  valuable,  while  the 
curious  forms  of  Alopecianoides,  and  others  of  a similar  character, 
give  much  variety  to  the  class. 

That  which  we  now  figure,  however,  belongs  not  to  this 
section,  and  is  of  a much  less  showy  character,  being  allied  to 
B.  cardinale.  It  was,  we  learn  from  the  Botanical  Magazine,  where 
it  was  figured,  discovered  by  Mr.  David  Douglas  in  the  year  1853, 
in  California,  and  since  his  time  has  been  found  by  many  subse- 
quent travellers.  The  plants  exhibited  this  year  were  raised 
from  seed,  sent  home  to  Mr.  W.  Thompson,  Tavern  Street, 
Ipswich,  an  indefatigable  caterer  of  curious  and  deserving 
novelties  in  hardy  herbaceous  plants.  Dr.  Hooker  describes  it 
as  nearly  allied  to  B.  cardinale,  but  distinguishable  from  it  by 
being  smaller,  being  paler,  and  more  orange-coloured  in  the 
flowers,  much  less  branching  in  its  habit,  and  by  some  points 
of  botanical  difference. 

All  the  Delphiniums  will  thrive  in  a mixture  of  good  loam  and 
sand,  and  are  quite  at  home  in  good  rich  garden  soil.  There  is 


no  difficulty  in  their  cultivation ; and  we  presume  that  D.  nudi- 
caule  will  not  be  found  more  difficult  to  grow  than  the  rest  of 
the  herbaceous  section.  The  plant  has  been  exhibited  at  the 
Floral  Committee  of  the  Hoyal  Horticultural  Society  by  Mr. 
Thompson,  and  has  received  a first-class  certificate.